3rd Alabama InfantryOrganized: Montgomery, AL; mustered in 4/12/1861
Disbanded/Mustered out: Appomattox CH, VA April 1865
|Commanding Officer: |
Col. Cullen A. Battle
|Maps Showing this Unit:|
Detail Map #6: French's Division Hits the Sunken Road
Detail Map #7: Richardson's Division Attacks the Sunken Road
Battlefield Tablets for this Unit:
Tablet #384: D. H. Hill's Division, Jackson's Command - 14 Sep, 10 PM to 16 Sep, 9 PM
Tablet #332: D. H. Hill's Division, Jackson's Command - 14 Sep, 10 PM to 16 Sep, 9 PM
Tablet #303: Longstreet's Command - 14 Sep, 9 PM to 15 Sep, 12 PM
Tablet #338: Rodes' Brigade, D. H. Hill's Division - 16 Sep, 9 PM to 17 Sep, 1 PM
Tablet #333: D. H. Hill's Division, Jackson's Command - 17 Sep, 7 AM to 17 Sep, 1 PM
Tablet #304: Longstreet's Command - 17 Sep, 7 AM to 17 Sep, 3 PM
Tablet #385: D. H. Hill's Division, Jackson's Command - 17 Sep, 7 AM to 17 Sep, 5 PM
This Regiment's Chain of Command:
Army - Army of Northern Virginia
Corps - Jackson's Command
Division - D. H. Hill's Division
Brigade - Rodes' Brigade
History of the Unit:
Not long after the Alabama legislature passed the ordinance of secession, the Third Alabama regiment was organized from the companies of the 2nd Regiment, and its officers elected were Jones M. Withers, of Mobile, colonel; Tennent Lomax, of Montgomery, lieutenant-colonel, and Cullen A. Battle, of Tuskegee, major. The Second battalion, under Major Battle, was ordered to Virginia, and early in April reported to Lieut.-Col. E. Kirby Smith, commanding at Lynchburg. Being joined a few days later by the other battalion, under Lomax, the regiment was mustered into the Confederate service, by Colonel Smith, about April 12, 1861.
The regiment was soon ordered to Norfolk, and during the Confederate occupation of that post, Colonel Withers was promoted and sent west, and Lomax became colonel, and Battle, lieutenant-colonel. The regiment was assigned to Mahone's brigade early in 1862, and in that command participated in the battle of Seven Pines, where Colonel Lomax was killed. Battle was now promoted colonel, and early in June his regiment was transferred to General Rodes' brigade.
In the Antietam Campaign:
In his report of the battles of Boonsboro and Sharpsburg, General Rodes wrote: "The men and officers behaved well, but Colonel Gordon's Sixth Alabama, Major Hobson's Fifth Alabama, and Colonel Battle's Third Alabama deserve special mention for admirable conduct during the whole fight.'' The Regiment was among those few defending Turner's Gap on South Mountain on September 14th, and in the fierce fighting in the Sunken Road during the midday of the 17th.
The remainder of the War:
The Regiment continued in all the campaigns of the ANV until assigned to Early's forces in the Valley late in 1864.
Placed in the trenches at Petersburg, the 3rd dwindled away by attrition until only about 40 men surrendered at Appomattox. Of 1651 names on the roll, about 260 were lost in battle, 119 died in the service, and 605 were discharged or transferred.
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