Home | Overview | Battle Maps | Participants | ORs | Exhibits | Bibliography
Site Logo: Click to go to the Home page
Unit

Confederate Battery

Washington (LA) Artillery, 3rd Company

"Miller's Battery"
Commanding Officer:
  Capt. M. B. Miller
Statistics for Maryland Campaign
  Initial Strength: not known
  Killed in Action (KIA): 2
  Wounded (WIA): 10
  Missing in Action (MIA): 2

Arms:
  4   Napoleon

Maps Showing this Unit:
   Detail Map #7: Richardson's Division Attacks the Sunken Road
   Detail Map #8a: Sykes' Regulars Begin Advance on Sharpsburg
   Detail Map #11: Burnside Climbs Toward Sharpsburg
   Detail Map #12: AP Hill Hits Burnside's Flank

Battlefield Tablets for this Unit:
   Tablet #307: Washington Artillery, Longstreet's Command - 15 Sep, 8 AM to 16 Sep, 6 AM
   Tablet #368: Jones' Division, Longstreet's Command - 15 Sep, 9 AM to 16 Sep, 9 PM
   Tablet #366: 2nd, 20th, and 50th Georgia Infantry - 17 Sep, 8 AM to 17 Sep, 2 PM
   Tablet #308: Washington Artillery, Longstreet's Command - 17 Sep, 8 AM to 17 Sep, 3 PM

This Battery's Chain of Command:
  Army - Army of Northern Virginia
  Corps - Longstreet's Command
  Division - Longstreet's Corps Artillery
  Brigade - 1st Battalion, Longstreet's Corps Artillery



starstar


In the Antietam Campaign:
Miller's Battery was 'conspicuous' in helping defend the otherwise open center of Lee's line at Sharpsburg after Gen DH Hill's infantry positions in the Sunken Lane were overrun at about midday on the 17th. Gen Longstreet and his staff helped man a gun in this battery at that time (see the Dale Gallon painting).

This company also had a caisson explode spectacularly after a direct hit from a Federal battery.

Col Walton, in his official report, details the Battery's actions:
At 9.15 a.m. Captain Miller's battery, of four Napoleons, was ordered from its original position to a point to the left of the main road and near our center. Here Captain Miller was so fortunate as to meet with General Longstreet, who assigned him a position. He immediately opened upon the enemy's infantry, which were advancing upon our left and front. Here he suffered considerably from the fire of the enemy's sharpshooters, losing two of his gunners and several of his cannoneers, wounded, when, ascertaining that the enemy was beyond effective range, he was ordered by General Longstreet to cease firing and go under cover. Here he remained twenty minutes, when, the enemy again advancing, he ordered his battery again into position. Lieutenant Hero having been wounded and Lieutenant McElroy having been left to watch the movements of the enemy on the right, Captain Miller found himself the only officer with his company, and, having barely men enough left to work a section effectively, he opened upon the enemy with two pieces with splendid effect. "

"After an action of half an hour, he removed his section to a more advantageous position 100 yards to the front and right, placing the remaining section under Sergeant Ellis, directing him to take it completely under cover. He then continued the action until the ammunition was nearly exhausted, when Sergeant Ellis brought up one of the remaining caissons. The enemy had made two determined attempts to force our line, and had been twice signally repulsed. They were now advancing the third time, and were within canister range, when Sergeant Ellis, who had succeeded in rallying some infantry to his assistance, brought one of the guns of his section into action on Miller's left, and gave them canister, with terrible effect. The three guns succeeded in checking the enemy's advance, and remained in action until the ammunition was exhausted, when they were retired to be refilled. After procuring the required ammunition, Captain Miller was returning to his former position, when he was directed by General Lee to an elevated and commanding position on the right and rear of the town, where General A. P. Hill had but just begun his attack. Here I placed him in charge of the guns that had been ordered to this position, leaving Lieutenant McElroy to command his section, and he continued the fight until its close at nightfall."

"Too much praise cannot be bestowed on Captain Miller for his stubborn defense of the center for several hours; to Lieutenants Hero and McElroy and Sergeants Ellis, Bier (chief artificer), and Dempsey (artificer), for their gallantry. "

"This part of the action was under the immediate eye of General Longstreet, commanding, and his staff, who, when Captain Miller's cannoneers were exhausted, dismounted and assisted the working of the guns. Captain Miller was compelled, owing to his loss of horses, to leave one caisson on the field. He endeavored to bring it off the next day, but it was deemed unadvisable, it being in range of the enemy's sharpshooters, and it was abandoned and subsequently destroyed."


We have 19 individuals in the AotW database for this unit:

Co. Rank Name Casualty? Details*
--PvtAtkins, Henry J.KIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
--PvtAvril, Louis EmileWIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
--PvtBartlett, Myron Napier        We have some details for this person
--PvtBrady, Charles         We have some details for this person
--PvtBush, Christopher         We have some details for this person
--PvtCantrelle, Michel B.        We have some details for this person
--PvtClark, Joseph F.        We have some details for this person
--PvtCloney, Michael W.WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
--PvtDietz, Henry         We have some details for this person
--PvtDouber, Frederick KIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
--SgtHandy, John T.WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
--LtHero, Jr., Andrew WIA   09/17     We have a picture for this person We have some details for this person
--PvtHolmes, Jr., John WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
--PvtKent, Zenas M.AWOL   09/17     We have some details for this person
--PvtLeytze, Gustavus MIA   09/18     We have some details for this person
--PvtMassey, George W.MWIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
--PvtMcCartney, John H.WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
--SgtMcNeil, George WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
--CaptMiller, Merritt B.        We have a picture for this person We have some details for this person

* If there's a symbol in the Details column ...
We have a picture for this person    We have a picture for this person
We have further details for this person    We have details beyond name and rank
Click on their last name to see more

« Search for Another Unit