3rd South Carolina Infantry Battalion"James' Battalion"
Organized: Columbia, SC; mustered in 2/6/1862
Disbanded/Mustered out: Greensboro, NC 4/26/1865
LCol. George S. James
Maj. William G. W. Rice
Capt. George M. Gunnels
|Maps Showing this Unit:|
Detail Map #11: Burnside Climbs Toward Sharpsburg
Detail Map #12: AP Hill Hits Burnside's Flank
Battlefield Tablets for this Unit:
Tablet #303: Longstreet's Command - 14 Sep, 9 PM to 15 Sep, 12 PM
Tablet #322: Jones' Division, Longstreet's Command - 14 Sep, 9 PM to 16 Sep, 9 PM
Tablet #347: Drayton's Brigade, Jones' Division - 15 Sep, 11 AM to 17 Sep, 4 PM
Tablet #368: Jones' Division, Longstreet's Command - 15 Sep, 9 AM to 16 Sep, 9 PM
Tablet #369, cont: Jones' Division, Longstreet's Command - 17 Sep, 3 PM to 18 Sep, 9 PM
Tablet #321: Jones' Division, Longstreet's Command - 17 Sep, 6 AM to 17 Sep, 3 PM
Tablet #369: Jones' Division, Longstreet's Command - 17 Sep, 7 AM to 17 Sep, 3 PM
Tablet #304: Longstreet's Command - 17 Sep, 7 AM to 17 Sep, 3 PM
This Battalion's Chain of Command:
Army - Army of Northern Virginia
Corps - Longstreet's Command
Division - Jones' Division
Brigade - Drayton's Brigade
History of the Unit:
"Seven companies were assigned to the battalion. Companies A, B, C, and D were mustered into state service in late November and early December 1861 at Camp Hampton near Columbia. These four companies were composed predominantly of men from Laurens District, as was Company E mustered in in early January. By the end of January 1862, Company F (Harper Rifles), consisting of men from Lexington and Richland Districts, had enlisted. On February 6th, Company G (Aiken Guards), Fairfield District's contribution, was assigned, thus forming the battalion commanded by Lieutenant Colonel George Strother James."
In the Antietam Campaign:
" ... the battalion would sustain its highest casualty rate of the entire war during the first Maryland Campaign at the battle of South Mountain (Fox's Gap) on September 14,1862 ... of about 250 men engaged, 132 casualties resulted from this bloody engagement. Lieutenant Colonel James was killed in action and Major Rice was severely wounded. The battalion was so disabled that that three days later its performance at Sharpsburg added little to its well-earned battle reputation overall."
(from Davis) Part of Drayton's Brigade, they were assigned positions above the Lower Antietam Bridge at the far right of the Confederate line, near Sharpsburg town on the 17th.
The remainder of the War:
"On November 15, 1862 , the unit along with the 15th SC Regiment, was transferred to Kershaw's Brigade of which it would remain an integral part until the end of the war. The battalion participated in nearly all the battles of the Army of Northern Virginia, including Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville and Gettysburg. In September 1863 it was transferred to the Western Theatre and fought at Chickamauga and Knoxville. Returning to Virginia in the spring of 1864, engagements included the Wilderness, Spottsylvania Court House, North Anna River, Second Cold Harbor, Deep Bottom and the siege of Petersburg. Ordered to the Valley in mid-August, 1864, actions at Berryville, Strasburg, and Cedar Creek were added to its list of engagements. December found the battalion entrenched at Richmond until January 4 in the last year of the war when it was ordered south to oppose Sherman in his march through the Carolinas. Battles in North Carolina at Averasboro and Bentonville would be the last for the battalion." (from Davis)
References, Sources, and other Notes:
Source: Clary, James B. and Sam B. Davis, History of the 3rd SC Battalion ( work in progress) - http://members.aol.com/GreySky285/3rdSCVbattalion.html (gone 5/2005)
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