57th Virginia InfantryMustered in on 9/25/1861
|Commanding Officer: |
Col. David Dyer
|Map Showing this Unit:|
Detail Map #4: Greene's High-Water Mark in the West Woods
Battlefield Tablets for this Unit:
Tablet #386: Anderson's Division, Longstreet's Command - 17 Sep, 5 AM to 17 Sep, 1 PM
Tablet #344: Anderson's Division, Longstreet's Command - 17 Sep, 5 AM to 17 Sep, 5 PM
This Regiment's Chain of Command:
Army - Army of Northern Virginia
Corps - Longstreet's Command
Division - Anderson's Division
Brigade - Armistead's Brigade
History of the Unit:
The 57th Virginia Infantry was organized on September 25, 1861 when five companies were added to the five extant companies of Major Elisha Keen's battalion. Keen's command was never officially recognized by the Confederate Adjutant and Insepctor General's Office.
Colonel Lewis Addison Armistead was chosen as the first regimental commander and he served until he was promoted to brigadier general on April 1, 1862. Elisha Ford Keen briefly succeeded Armistead, but he resigned on July 31, 1862. Keen was followed by Colonel David Dyer who also resigned on January 12, 1863.
Colonel John Bowie Magruder was next in command of the regiment and he served until he was mortally wounded at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania on July 3, 1863. George W. Carr also served as commander of the 57th for a short period of time in 1863.
Colonel Clement R. Fontaine was promoted to command the regiment in 1864 and served until the end of the war.
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