Commanding Officer at Sharpsburg:
Col. David Dyer
The 57th Virginia Infantry was organized on September 25, 1861 when five companies were added to the five extant companies of Major Elisha Keen's battalion. Keen's command was never officially recognized by the Confederate Adjutant and Insepctor General's Office.
Colonel Lewis Addison Armistead was chosen as the first regimental commander and he served until he was promoted to brigadier general on April 1, 1862. Elisha Ford Keen briefly succeeded Armistead, but he resigned on July 31, 1862. Keen was followed by Colonel David Dyer who also resigned on January 12, 1863.
Colonel John Bowie Magruder was next in command of the regiment and he served until he was mortally wounded at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania on July 3, 1863. George W. Carr also served as commander of the 57th for a short period of time in 1863.
Colonel Clement R. Fontaine was promoted to command the regiment in 1864 and served until the end of the war.
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Detail Map #4: Greene's High-Water Mark in the West Woods
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