1st District of Columbia InfantryOrganized: Washington, DC; mustered in 10/25/1861
Disbanded/Mustered out: Washington, DC 2/23/1865
|Commanding Officer: |
Col James A. Tait
|Battlefield Tablets for this Unit:|
Tablet #120: Army of the Potomac - 17 Sep, 5 AM to 17 Sep, 12 PM
Tablet #114: Goodrich's Brigade, Greene's Division - 17 Sep, 6 AM to 17 Sep, 10 AM
Tablet #27: Twelfth Army Corps - 17 Sep, 6 AM to 17 Sep, 12 PM
Tablet #113: Goodrich's Brigade, Greene's Division - 17 Sep, 6 AM to 17 Sep, 9 AM
Tablet #20: Goodrich's Brigade, Greene's Division - 17 Sep, 6 AM to 17 Sep, 9 AM
This Regiment's Chain of Command:
Army - Army of the Potomac
Corps - Twelfth (XII) Army Corps
Division - 2nd Division, XII Corps
Brigade - 3rd Brigade, 2nd Division, XII Corps
History of the Unit:
Col. James A. Tait had been in command at Cedar Mountain (9 August 1862) and through the rest of the 2nd Manassas Campaign (to 2 September) - it is likely, but not certain, that he was present at Antietam.
In the Antietam Campaign:
Although listed as part of the 3rd Brigade of BGen, George Greene, Dyer1 says the Regiment was in the Defenses of Washington after 2nd Manassas and into 1865. General Greene, however, in his official report says:
"Third Brigade: Purnell Legion ... under command of Colonel Goodrich. The First District of Columbia Volunteers had, with the exception of the Colonel and Adjutant, entirely disappeared from the command by sickness and desertion."So it's not clear what this unit's status was at Antietam - if the General is correct, then their role was very small.
The remainder of the War:
Consolidated with the 2nd District of Columbia Infantry in February 1865.
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1 Dyer, Frederick H., A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion, Des Moines, Iowa: The Dyer Publishing Co., 1908, Vol. 3, pg. 1019 [AotW citation 9939]« Search for Another Unit