[ Weapons of Antietam ]
Model 1841 6-pounder Gun
Common name: 6-pdr. Gun
Description: One of the series of artillery designed in 1841, and was very effective in the Mexican War (1847-8). Originally a bronze-tubed weapon, often produced of iron in Confederate manufacture, it was falling out of favor by 1862 because of its reduced power as compared to the Napoleon, for instance.
Employment at Sharpsburg: At least 58 of these pieces saw service in Confederate batteries at Sharpsburg, but none were known to be used by the Federals on the Campaign. Find units equipped with these.
Ammunition Used: Solid shot (6.1 lb), spherical case, common shell, and cannister.
Manufacturer: various Armories Where made: various Model: 1841 Year(s) made: 1841-62
Maximum Range: 1523 yards Muzzle Velocity: 1450 fps
Barrel/Tube Length: 60 inches Bore: 3.67 inches Weight: 1784 pounds
Other notes: Total weight = bronze tube (884 lb) + carriage (900 lb). Maximum range for 1-lb powder charge behind a 6.1 pound solid shot at 5 degrees elevation.
More on the Web: See more about this and other Civil War artillery at the comprehensive Civil War Artillery Page, by Chuck Ten Brink or the very nice Basic Facts page from Jack W. Melton, Jr. The NPS has a fine general introduction to Civil War artillery in a 3-page presentation.
Source Information: Johnson, Curt & Anderson, Richard C., Artillery Hell: Employment of Artillery at Antietam, College Station, TX: Texas A&M University Press, 1995.
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