Manufacturer: West Point Arsenal
Where made: Cold Spring, New York
The largest rifled field artillery piece in common service, the 20-pounder Parrott was made of cast iron with wrought iron breech reenforcement. It was an accurate but not wholly reliable weapon - it gained a reputation for sometimes bursting at the breech after prolonged firing. Because of its high weight and reputation for bursting, it was largely replaced by 10-pounder Parrots and 3-in Ordnance rifles after Antietam.
Confederate versions of the Parrott Rifles were built by the Noble Brothers Foundry and the Macon Arsenal in Georgia.
Employment at Sharpsburg
There were at least 22 20-pounder Parrotts in Federal Batteries at Antietam but none known to be in Confederate service at the Battle.
Find units equipped with these.
solid bolt, case, common shell, cannister
Weight figure is for gun carriage (1175 lb) + tube (1750 lb).
Max range is for 2 lb black powder charge behind a 20 pound solid shot at 5deg elevation.
More on the Web
Johnson, Curt & Anderson, Richard C., Artillery Hell: Employment of Artillery at Antietam, College Station, TX: Texas A&M University Press, 1995.