[ Weapons of Antietam ]
14-pounder James Rifled Gun
Common name: 14-pdr. James
Description: These were bronze tubed guns built to the James pattern, with the characteristic 3.8" caliber. These were designed and built as James Rifled guns, as compared to the 12-pounder James Rifles (also in service at Antietam) which were Model 1841 6-pounders, bored out and lined with rifled iron or brass sleeves in the James pattern.
Employment at Sharpsburg: There may have been only six of these guns at Antietam, all in Federal service. Find units equipped with these.
Ammunition Used: James-pattern shell, equivalent bolts & shells, solid shot
Manufacturer: Ames Manufacturing Company Where made: Chicopee, Massachusetts. Year(s) made: 1861-
Maximum Range: 1700 yards Barrel/Tube Length: 65 inches Bore: 3.8 inches Other notes: Bronze tube weight: 918 lb. Maximum range for 3/4-lb powder charge behind a 14 pound solid shot at 5 degrees elevation.
Photograph above is from the Gettysburg, PA battlefield, by Peter Schwartz - the carriage is probably a modern replacement.
More on the Web: See more about this and other Civil War artillery at the comprehensive Civil War Artillery Page, by Chuck Ten Brink or the very nice Basic Facts page from Jack W. Melton, Jr. The NPS has a fine general introduction to Civil War artillery in a 3-page presentation.
Source Information: Johnson, Curt & Anderson, Richard C., Artillery Hell: Employment of Artillery at Antietam, College Station, TX: Texas A&M University Press, 1995; and
Schwartz, Peter, Artillery at Gettysburg online.
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