[ Weapons of Antietam ]
Common name: Burnside Carbine
Description: The Burnside was one of the first breech-loading, and the third most common carbine in Federal Cavalry service, later exceeded in numbers only by the Sharps and Spencer carbines. It was a lever action, single-shot weapon. First and Second (of 5) Models were in service by Antietam. Its inventor, Ambrose E. Burnside, was also at the Battle. About 55,000 of these rifles were delivered to the US Army by the end of the War.
Employment at Sharpsburg: Common in many Federal units early in the War. Captured pieces in Confederate service.
Ammunition Used: Special Burnside design, cone shaped metallic cartridge. Usual load 65 grains powder behind 500 grain bullet.
Manufacturer: Bristol Firearms Company, Burnside Rifle Company Where made: Rhode Island Model: 1857 Year(s) made: 1857-1865
Effective Range: 200 yards Muzzle Velocity: 950 fps
Length Overall: 56 inches Bore: 0.54 inches Weight: 9 pounds
Other notes: Photograph and other details from the Smithsonian.1
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