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[ Weapons of Antietam ]

Pattern 1853 Enfield Rifle-musket


Enfield 1853 Pattern Rifle
Enfield 1853 Pattern Rifle

Common name:   Enfield Rifle

Description:   Both sides imported large quantities of European firearms to assist them in arming their troops. The most widely used was the British Pattern 1853 Enfield rifle-musket because it was accurate and well made. An important factor for both sides was that the .58 caliber bullet used by both Union and Confederate forces was interchangeable with the .577 Enfield. Hundreds of thousands of Enfield rifle-muskets were successfully smuggled into the South by the Confederacy during the war.
(from Civil War @ Smithsonian)

Enfields were made at the Enfield factory, the London Armoury Company, the English Gun Trade, and the factories of Li╦ge, St.Etienne and in Windsor, Vermont. About half a million were purchased by the Federals and a very large (but unknown) number by the Confederates.
(from Managing The Enfield, by WS Curtis)

Employment at Sharpsburg:   Very common in many Federal and most Confederate Infantry units.

Ammunition Used:   .577 or .58 caliber bullet (minie ball)

Manufacturer:   Royal Small Arms Factory (Enfield)    Where made:   near London, England    Model:   1853    Effective Range:   1000 yards     Length Overall:   55 inches     Barrel/Tube Length:   39 inches     Bore:   0.577 inches     Weight:   9 pounds

More on the Web:   See a fine period (1859) article about the making of the Enfield.

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