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10-pounder Parrott rifled muzzleloader


10-lb Parrott Rifle
10-lb Parrott Rifle

Common name:   10-pdr. Parrott

Description:   The most common rifled field artillery piece in Civil War service generally, the 10-pdr. Parrott was made of cast iron with wrought iron breech reenforcement. It was an accurate and reliable weapon.

Confederate versions of the Parrott Rifles were built by the Noble Brothers Foundry and the Macon Arsenal in Georgia.

This Parrott design went through several improvements during the war and was changed in 1863 to a larger 3-inch bore and matching Parrott shell. By 1864 the 3-inch Parrott was standardized and most of these 2.9-inch guns were withdrawn from service.

Employment at Sharpsburg:   There were about 69 10-pdr. Parrotts in Federal Service on the Campaign and 48 or more in Confederate batteries. Find units equipped with these.

Ammunition Used:   solid bolt, case, common shell, cannister

Manufacturer:   West Point Arsenal    Where made:   Cold Spring, New York    Maximum Range:   1900 yards     Barrel/Tube Length:   74 inches     Bore:   2.9 inches     Weight:   1799 pounds

Other notes:   Weight figure is for gun carriage (900 lb) + tube (899 lb).
Max range is for 1 lb black powder charge behind solid shot at 5deg elevation.

More on the Web:   See more about this and other Civil War artillery at the comprehensive Civil War Artillery Page, by Chuck Ten Brink or the very nice Basic Facts page from Jack W. Melton, Jr. The NPS has a fine general introduction to Civil War artillery in a 3-page presentation.

Source Information:   Johnson & Anderson1


1   Johnson, Curt, and Richard C. Anderson, Artillery Hell: Employment of Artillery at Antietam, College Station, TX: Texas A&M University Press, 1995, ----  [AotW citation 30]

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