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Confederate Regiment

1st Virginia Cavalry

Mustered in on 7/16/1861
Disbanded/Mustered out: Lynchburg, VA 4/11/1865


Commanding Officer on the Sharpsburg Campaign:
  LCol. L. T. Brien


   Sharps Carbine


This Regiment's Chain of Command:
  Army - Army of Northern Virginia
  Division - Stuart's Cavalry Division
  Brigade - Lee's Brigade

Unit history

The 1st Virginia Cavalry was composed of 12 pre-war Virginia Militia companies. It's Colonels included J.E.B. Stuart, "Fitz" Lee, and "Grumble" Jones. John S Mosby was a trooper in the regiment early in the War. The Regiment fought in the Shenandoah Valley in 1861, at Bull Run, in Stuart's ride around McClellan, at Catlett's Station, Brandy Station, Kelly's Ford, Gettysburg, the Buckland "Races", Todd's Tavern, Spotsylvania Court House, Yellow Tavern, Haw's Shop, Nance's Shop, Cold Harbor, Reams' Station, Front Royal, Winchester, Waynesboro, Five Forks, and Appomattox Court House - as well as numerous smaller engagements.

On the Sharpsburg Campaign

See the Alfred Waud illustration of the Regiment on the Campaign.

Battlefield Tablets for this Unit

Tablet #319: Lee's Brigade, Stuart's Cavalry Division - 15 Sep, 5 PM to 19 Sep, 12 PM
Tablet #317: Stuart's Cavalry Division - 16 Sep, 9 PM to 19 Sep, 12 PM

More on the Web

See a nice page about the uniforms and equipment of the men of the Regiment from Jim Peden.

References & Notes

Source: a brief History of the 1st Cavalry - posted online by Robert H. Moore, II.

We have one individual in the AotW database who was on the Maryland Campaign with this unit:


Co. Rank Name Casualty? Details*
F&SLColBrien, Luke Tiernan        We have some details for this person


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