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Unit

Federal Regiment

125th Pennsylvania Infantry

Mustered in on 8/16/1862
Disbanded/Mustered out: Harrisburg, PA 5/18/1863
Commanding Officer:
  Col. Jacob Higgins
Statistics for Maryland Campaign
  Initial Strength: not known
  Killed in Action (KIA): 29
  Wounded (WIA): 117
  Missing in Action (MIA): 4

Arms:
   Springfield Rifle-Musket

Maps Showing this Unit:
   Detail Map #2: Hood's Division Retakes the Cornfield
   Detail Map #3: Mansfield's XII Corps Attacks Into the Cornfield
   Detail Map #4: Greene's High-Water Mark in the West Woods
   Detail Map #5: Sedgwick is Flanked in the West Woods

Battlefield Tablets for this Unit:
   Tablet #120: Army of the Potomac - 17 Sep, 5 AM to 17 Sep, 12 PM
   Tablet #27: Twelfth Army Corps - 17 Sep, 6 AM to 17 Sep, 12 PM
   Tablet #28: Williams' Division, Twelfth Army Corps - 17 Sep, 6 AM to 17 Sep, 5 PM
   Tablet #29: Crawford's Brigade, Williams' Division - 17 Sep, 9 AM to 17 Sep, 5 PM

This Regiment's Chain of Command:
  Army - Army of the Potomac
  Corps - Twelfth (XII) Army Corps
  Division - 1st Division, XII Corps
  Brigade - 1st Brigade, 1st Division, XII Corps



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History of the Unit:
A 9-month Regiment formed of Companies recruited in Blair and Huntingdon counties.

In the Antietam Campaign:
Antietam was their first combat engagement, the Regiment having been in service just over a month by that time. They were in the lead of Mansfields XII Corps attack across the Cornfield, reaching into the West Woods at the Dunkard Church before being driven back with high casualties. Lt Theodore Flood of Company C later recalled:
"... and then marched to South Mountain , reaching there on Sunday evening, just as the battle of South Mountain was finished."
"... we marched to the battlefield of Antietam, where we went into that awful conflict early on the morning of Wednesday, the seventeenth day of September. While waiting in line of battle for orders to advance and fire, Adjutant Johnston, of our regiment, was mortally wounded and died in a few hours. The battle was on in full force. Confederate pickets were shooting down our officers, shells were flying over our heads, horses and men lay dead on the field. We were ordered forward in line of battle, and Captain Wallace stepped out in front of the company, waving his sword, and called out, Boys, remember our battle-cry, In God We Trust.' This was taken up as a battle-cry by adjoining companies along the line, until we reached the edge of a woods, where we were halted and ordered to fire. The enemy met us with a heavy charge. We could see them coming in line of battle as we loaded and fired. General Mansfield fell mortally wounded just in the right front of our regiment while reconnoitering . The blood from his wound reddened his long white beard. As we stood firing into the ranks of the enemy the second man to me, George A. Simpson, while bravely holding the flag aloft, was hit with a bullet from a Confederate gun, which pierced his brain, and he fell dead. A second man picked up the flag, and he was shot clown. A third, and he fell; the fourth took it up, and he was shot and fell. Then Sergeant W.W. Greenland picked up tile flag, stained with the blood of Simpson, and Captain Wallace, taking it in charge, carried it across the field to the rear of the nearest battery, and there he, aided by Captains Bell and McKeage and Lieutenant Thomas McCamant, rallied about two hundred of the regiment, who remained in support, while our batteries operated with deadly execution upon the enemy, during the rest of tile conflict. The conflict was raging all along the line of tile army; the Confederates were pressing us hard; our line was broken, and a new line of battle was formed in the rear. Two hundred and twenty-nine men of our regiment were killed and wounded in about twenty minutes; of these 84 were slightly wounded, but not disabled, and therefore were not reported. It was a dreadful struggle and we were thrust into the very furnace of battle."
(from Wallace)


The remainder of the War:
They marched to Fredericksburg (Va) in December 1862, and were on Burnside's "Mud March" of late January 1863, but were not in combat again until Chancellorsville in May. The Regiment was mustered out following that battle, at the end of its term of service.

References, Sources, and other Notes:
Source: Wallace, William W., ed., History of the One Hundred and Twenty-fifth Regiment Pennsylvania Volunteers, Philadelphia: J.B. Lippincott Company, 1906, excerpted online in the history of the Huntingdon (Pa) Presbyterian Church; and
Bates, Samuel P., History of the Pennsylvania Volunteers, 1861-65, Harrisburg: 1868-1871, extracted online at Pennsylvania in the Civil War.

We have 169 individuals in the AotW database for this unit:

Co. Rank Name Casualty? Details*
APvtCoy, John WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
APvtCrissman, Austin MWIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
APvtCrocker, Henry H.WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
ACorpEdwards, Amon G.MWIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
APvtFunk, George MIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
APvtHenchey, Samuel A.        We have some details for this person
APvtHuff, Charles WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
APvtHunter, James KIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
APvtIsenberg, John W.WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
APvtKinsel, Erastus MWIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
ALtMartin, Wilbur F.WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
APvtShaw, Daniel MWIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
APvtVaughn, George WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
ACorpWarner, Andrew KIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
APvtWolf, Theawalt MWIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
ACorpWorner, Andrew KIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
BPvtDonnelly, David R.WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
BPvtEwing, Levi M.MWIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
BCorpGeiser, James WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
BLtHiggins, Joseph R.        We have some details for this person
BPvtMcGonegal, George W.WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
BPvtMock, John E.WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
BPvtPeats, John A.Died   11/30     We have some details for this person
BPvtPowell, Milton P.WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
BPvtSims, Andrew J.WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
BPvtTeats, John A.MWIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
BPvtWolfkill, Benjamin F.WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
CPvtBrenneman, M. B,WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
CPvtDecker, Nicholas MWIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
CSgtGreenland, Walter Wright        We have a picture for this person We have some details for this person
CPvtHawn, Henry WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
CPvtHoffman, Uriah D.KIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
CPvtMcCoy, John S.KIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
CPvtMcFerran, Alfred WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
CLtMcPherran, William F.        We have some details for this person
CPvtReed, Charles H.WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
CPvtRobb, J. EastonWIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
CSgtSimpson, George A.KIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
CSgtSimpson, John R.WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
CPvtSprankle, George WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
CCaptWallace, William W.        We have some details for this person
CCorpWilliams, Benjamin F.MWIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
CPvtZeek, Elias A.WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
CCorpZentmyer, Miles         We have some details for this person
DPvtAiken, Stephen WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
DPvtBlake, Wilbur E.WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
DPvtBowen, Francis WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
DPvtBrown, John A.KIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
DPvtBurley, Emanuel KIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
DPvtBurley, Levi WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
DCorpBurley, William WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
DPvtDavis, John E.KIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
DPvtHaney, Sr., Patrick WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
DPvtHoar, William S.WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
DCaptHostetter, Christian R.WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
DCorpKelley, John A.KIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
DPvtKerr, James G.WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
DPvtMarkley, Isaac KIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
DLtMarshall, Alexander W.WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
DPvtMcLaughlin, Joseph S.KIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
DPvtRobertson, Joseph WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
DPvtRollins, John WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
DPvtRose, John KIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
DSgtRuss, Edward L.WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
DLtTreese, Peter S.WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
DPvtWalton, John WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
DPvtWilliamson, S. H.WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
EPvtBaker, Franklin S.KIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
ECorpBeers, George S.        We have some details for this person
EPvtBenton, Jesse L.WIA   00/00     We have some details for this person
EPvtBenton, John WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
EPvtBeurge, Adam MWIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
ESgtBryan, John         We have some details for this person
ELtCain, John G.        We have some details for this person
EPvtDunlap, John WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
ECorpGardner, James         We have some details for this person
EPvtHarklerode, David WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
EPvtHoopengarner, George AWOL   09/16     We have some details for this person
EPvtLambright, Jonathan WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
EPvtLier, John KIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
EPvtMcGinnes, William WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
ESgtRobertson, John H.        We have some details for this person
ECorpStroup, Peter WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
ECorpStroup, Samuel WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
FPvtBryan, Charles WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
FPvtBryant, James WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
FPvtCozzens, Robert         We have some details for this person
FPvtCunningham, Benjamin KIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
FPvtFriedley, William         We have some details for this person
FPvtMcCracken, Joseph KIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
FPvtShearer, Calvin B.        We have some details for this person
FPvtShorthill, David H.WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
FCaptSimpson, William H.WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
FPvtStrickler, William R.WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
FPvtSwitzer, Elias H.WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
FLtWagoner, William C.WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
FPvtWalker, William C.KIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
GPvtBeamer, Albert WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
GPvtCharles, Thomas WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
GCorpChristian, John G.WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
GPvtGibbony, James H.KIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
GPvtHoller, James M.WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
GPvtJohnson, Day WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
GPvtJohnson, James I.WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
GPvtLong, James MWIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
GSgtMcCahan, David WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
GLtMcCamant, Thomas         We have some details for this person
GCaptMcKeage, John         We have some details for this person
GPvtPrice, Joesph C.WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
GPvtProunkard, J. E.WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
GPvtReed, Joseph H.WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
GPvtRiddle, James D.MWIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
GPvtRobison, Albert         We have some details for this person
GPvtSanders, John WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
GPvtSharar, H. BascomWIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
GPvtWilliams, Reese         We have some details for this person
HPvtBoblitz, Eugene WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
HPvtBrindle, Cyrus WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
HPvtBurkholder, George WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
HPvtCrouse, Valentine WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
HPvtDecker, John W.WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
HPvtDecker, Levi WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
HPvtDierfield, James H.KIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
HCaptGregg, Henry H.        We have some details for this person
HPvtHess, Samuel KIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
HPvtHoover, Joseph W.KIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
HPvtKeefer, John WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
HPvtLogan, Henry C.        We have some details for this person
HSgtLytle, John W.WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
HPvtMcCarthy, John S.KIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
HPvtMorrison, John B.WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
HPvtO'Donnell, Michael KIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
HPvtSnyder, James G.WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
IPvtBaker, F. AlfredWIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
IPvtClark, Thomas H.KIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
IPvtCorbin, William W.KIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
ICorpFoster, Isaiah         We have some details for this person
IPvtGuardlock, Conrad WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
IPvtHall, Albert WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
ISgtHall, Thomas L.WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
IPvtHarken, Samuel B.MWIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
IPvtHays, William M.MWIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
IPvtHouseholder, G. W.MWIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
ISgtMcAllister, Alfred MWIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
ILtThomas, George WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
ICorpWirt, Edward H.KIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
KPvtBeal, John S.WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
KPvtBeal, William WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
KPvtBendin, Simon WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
KPvtBoartman, A. H.MWIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
KCorpCommerford, James WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
KPvtCratin, Joshua KIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
KPvtDillon, Charles WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
KPvtHuffler, Frederick WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
KPvtJones, George W.WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
KPvtKearney, Patrick F.WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
KPvtMcCleary, Samuel WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
KPvtMcDemitt, Louis C.MWIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
KPvtMcDemitt, Michael A.MWIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
KPvtMcGuire, Hiram WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
KPvtMyers, William MIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
KPvtRhodes, Abraham WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
KPvtSmith, Robert WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
KPvtWard, Frederick C.MWIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
F&SSgtBecker, Joseph M.   
F&SColHiggins, Jacob         We have a picture for this person We have some details for this person
F&SLtJohnston, Robert M.MWIA   09/17
F&SLColSzink, Jacob         We have a picture for this person
UnkCorpCarton, Peter KIA   09/17

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