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Confederate Regiment

15th South Carolina Infantry

Organized: Lightwood Knot Springs (near Columbia), SC; mustered in 9/1861
Disbanded/Mustered out on 1865
Commanding Officer:
  Col. William Davie DeSaussure
Maps Showing this Unit:
   Detail Map #11: Burnside Climbs Toward Sharpsburg
   Detail Map #12: AP Hill Hits Burnside's Flank

Battlefield Tablets for this Unit:
   Tablet #303: Longstreet's Command - 14 Sep, 9 PM to 15 Sep, 12 PM
   Tablet #322: Jones' Division, Longstreet's Command - 14 Sep, 9 PM to 16 Sep, 9 PM
   Tablet #347: Drayton's Brigade, Jones' Division - 15 Sep, 11 AM to 17 Sep, 4 PM
   Tablet #368: Jones' Division, Longstreet's Command - 15 Sep, 9 AM to 16 Sep, 9 PM
   Tablet #369, cont: Jones' Division, Longstreet's Command - 17 Sep, 3 PM to 18 Sep, 9 PM
   Tablet #321: Jones' Division, Longstreet's Command - 17 Sep, 6 AM to 17 Sep, 3 PM
   Tablet #369: Jones' Division, Longstreet's Command - 17 Sep, 7 AM to 17 Sep, 3 PM
   Tablet #304: Longstreet's Command - 17 Sep, 7 AM to 17 Sep, 3 PM

This Regiment's Chain of Command:
  Army - Army of Northern Virginia
  Corps - Longstreet's Command
  Division - Jones' Division
  Brigade - Drayton's Brigade


History of the Unit:
The regiment drew some men from the 1st SCVI 6 months regiment that disbanded in South Carolina.

The regiment mustered into CSA service at Lightwood Knot Springs for the duration in September 1861.They had their baptism by fire at Fort Wagner on Hilton Head Island during the battle of Port Royal Sound on November 6, 1861.

In July 1862, the 15th South Carolina was sent to Virginia in Brigadier Thomas Drayton's Brigade. Drayton's Brigade was assigned to Major General David R. Jones' Division of Major General James Longstreet's wing of Lee's Army of Northern Virginia. They fought under Drayton at Second Manassas, South Mountain and Sharpsburg.

The remainder of the War:
General Robert E. Lee transferred the 15th South Carolina to Kershaw's Brigade after the battle of Sharpsburg. In Kershaw's Brigade, they fought at Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville and Gettysburg.

After the battle of Gettysburg, the 15th South Carolina and the rest of Kershaw's Brigade accompanied General James Longstreet to North Georgia and East Tennessee where they fought in the battles of Chicamauga, Knoxville, and Bean's Station.

Following the winter of 1864-65, Kershaw's men rejoined Lee's Army of Northern Virginia just in time to particpate in the battles of the Wilderness, Spotsylvania Court House, North Anna, Cold Harbor and the siege of Petersburg, including the significant battle of First Deep Bottom near Richmond in late July 1864.

While at Petersburg in August 1864, Kershaw's Brigade and the 15th South Carolina was assigned to General Jubal Early's Army of the Shenandoah Valley. Here they fought against General Phillip Sheridan's army at Hupp's Hill and Cedar Creek, before returning to Petersburg in November 1864.

In early January 1865, General Lee sent Kershaw's Brigade back to the Palmetto State to oppose General William Techumsah Sherman who had begun to move into South Carolina following his famous " march to the sea " from Atlanta to Savannah in late 1864. Kershaw's Brigade first met Sherman's Army on the Salkehatchie River in the South Carolina low country in late January 1865. The 15th South Carolina was one of the last Confederate units to evacuate Charleston on February 18, 1865. Along with the rest of Kershaw's Brigade, they fought Sherman's army in the last battles of the war at Averasboro and Bentonville, North Carolina under General Joseph E. Johnston in the Army of Tennessee. Before surrendering at Greensboro on april 26, 1865, the 15th South Carolina and Kershaw's Brigade under Brigadier General John Doby Kennedy, served as the last Confederate provost guard of the Army of Tennessee. They were responsible for guarding the remaining Southern munitions and food stores at the Greensboro railroad depot during the surrender process. The men of the 15th South Carolina participated in changing of the guard cermony with the 104th Ohio Infantry as they turned the remaining Confederate supplies in Greensboro over to Sherman's Army on May 3, 1865
[text from James B. Clary's site]

More on the Web:
A nice survey of the unit's history by James B. Clary, and a synopsis of service and officers of the 15th SC Regiment.

We have 5 individuals in the AotW database for this unit:

Co. Rank Name Casualty? Details*
FPvtMcCowan, J. M.Died   09/21
GPvtArd, E. F.Died   02/25     We have some details for this person
GPvtBlanton, Ambrose Died   10/01     We have some details for this person
IPvtBowers, J. A.Died   10/10     We have some details for this person
F&SColDeSaussure, William Davie        We have some details for this person

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