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Federal Regiment

69th Pennsylvania Infantry

Organized: Philadelphia, PA; mustered in 8/18/1861
Disbanded/Mustered out: Ball's Cross Roads (now Ballston), VA 7/1/1865

 

Commanding Officer at Antietam:
  Joshua Thomas Owen

 

This Regiment's Chain of Command:
  Army - Army of the Potomac
  Corps - Second (II) Army Corps
  Division - 2nd Division, II Corps
  Brigade - 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, II Corps


Unit history

"The Twenty-fourth Regiment for three months' service, recruited and commanded by Colonel Joshua T. Owen, was mustered out at the expiration of its term on the 10th of August, 1861, having served under General Patterson on the Upper Potomac, and in the Shenandoah Valley. On the day of its muster-out, the President having issued his call for troops for three years, Colonel Owen established a camp of rendezvous near his own residence at Chestnut Hill, Twenty-second ward, Philadelphia, and commenced recruiting another regiment. The men came for the most part from the city, though a few were from Schuylkill county, were mostly of Irish origin, robust and of hardy habits, and emulous of courage as is the characteristic of their race."
(from Bates)

"An effort was made by members of both the 68th Pennsylvania and the 69th NYNG to form an Irish Brigade out of New York. Governor Curtin of Pa. adamantly opposed the idea and threatened to withhold the pensions of anyone who defected to the Irish Brigade. The 68th reluctantly stayed in Pennsylvania. but requested to have their regimental designation changed to the 69th Pennsylvania in honor of the 69th NY, to which the Governor acceded. They were then assigned to the Philadelphia Brigade, the only brigade to be named after the city it came from. The other regiments of the brigade were the 71st, 72nd, and 106th Pennsylvania. The 69th Pennsylvania., though not the only Irish regiment from the state, would be the only Pennsylvania regiment to carry Green Regimental Colors. Their first set of colors would carry the State Seal on one side and the Maid of Erin Harp wreathed in Shamrocks on the other. The second regimental colors would have the same state seal on one side, but on the other side were the Round Tower, Wolfhound, Harp, and Fenian Sunburst."
(from California)

Two companies of Zouaves were attached to the regiment in October 1861, making 12 companies total. The zouves had been acting as independent commands, and were known as the "Baker Guards".

On the Antietam Campaign

As part of the 2nd Brigade, II Corps, the Regiment advanced to the Dunker Church, before being hit from the left flank by Confederate troops from the West Woods ...

" We still kept on," says Adjutant McDermott, "until within a few paces of the advanced line. The fire from his batteries was here so destructive that we were ordered to lie down. This fire was kept up on us for nearly half an hour, when General Sumner, accompanied by a single aid, came up in our front, waving his hand for us to fall back. It being impossible to hear what he was trying to say, the men rose to their feet, and fixed bayonets, thinking that he wanted them to charge the batteries on our left front, and it was not until this brave old man got in front of our colors, when he took off his hat and waived it for us to get baCk, that his order was understood. But it was now too late, as the enemy was pouring down upon us from the rear, delivering a terrible fire of musketry. The fire was coming from our rear, left, and front, and we were obliged to retire to the right."
Their losses were severe. Captain Francis V. Bierwirth, and Lieutenants Joseph McHugh and James Dunn were among the killed.

Statistics

Initial Strength: not known; Killed in Action (KIA): 21; Wounded (WIA): 57; Captured (POW): 10;

Map Showing this Unit

Battlefield Tablets for this Unit

Tablet #35: Second Army Corps - 15 Sep, 7 AM to 15 Sep, 8 PM
Tablet #115: Second Army Corps - 15 Sep, 9 AM to 17 Sep, 7 AM
Tablet #120: Army of the Potomac - 17 Sep, 5 AM to 17 Sep, 12 PM
Tablet #116: Second Army Corps - 17 Sep, 6 AM to 17 Sep, 10 AM
Tablet #36: Sedgwick's Division, Second Army Corps - 17 Sep, 7 AM to 17 Sep, 10 AM
Tablet #39: Howard's Brigade, Sedgwick's Division - 17 Sep, 7 AM to 17 Sep, 12 PM

After the Antietam Campaign

The regiment fought on the Fredericksburg, Gettysburg, Wilderness, Petersburg, and Appomattox Campaigns. In March 1864, at the end of their 3-year terms of sevice, a sufficient number of the troops had re-enlisted to continue the Regiment in service for the duration of the War.

References & Notes

Sources: Bates, Samuel P., History of the Pennsylvania Volunteers, 1861-65, Harrisburg: 1868-1871, extracted online at Pennsylvania in the Civil War ; and
California State Military Museum - online 'informal' unit history

We have 101 individuals in the AotW database for this unit:

 

Co. Rank Name Casualty? Details*
A LtDunn, James KIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
A PvtMcLaughlin, Richard WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
A PvtQuigley, John WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
B PvtEarly, Peter WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
B PvtGorrell, Charles WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
B PvtGould, Daniel WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
B PvtHiggins, James WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
B PvtKing, Patrick WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
B PvtLoughlin, Rodger WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
B PvtMcCabe, John WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
B PvtMcCall, Hugh WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
B PvtMcConaghy, James WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
B PvtMcCormick, Thomas WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
B PvtMcCusker, Mark WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
B PvtMcNamara, John KIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
B PvtO'Brien, Patrick WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
B PvtReagan, John WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
B PvtReiley, Terrence MWIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
C PvtCampbell, William WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
C SgtConley, Henry WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
C PvtCullen, Andrew WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
C PvtDonohue, Owen WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
C PvtDrain, James KIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
C PvtHaw, William WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
C PvtKing, Patrick WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
C PvtMcDevitt, Hugh MWIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
CPvtMoss, James KIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
C SgtO'Leary, John WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
C CaptO'Reilly, James WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
CCorpReedy, Michael KIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
C PvtSauber, John D.MWIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
C PvtWilson, Hector MWIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
DPvtAnderson, Patrick MIA   09/17
DPvtBoyle, John M.WIA   09/17
D PvtBuckley, Michael WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
D PvtBurns, Patrick WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
D PvtKennedy, James WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
D LtMcHugh, Joseph KIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
D SgtMellon, James WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
D PvtMellon, James WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
D PvtMullen, Charles WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
D PvtRoach, Michael WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
E PvtCarr, Owen WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
E PvtDevlin, James WIA/POW   09/17     We have some details for this person
E SgtDevlin, John J.WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
E PvtMcQuade, Daniel WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
E LtTaggart, John J.WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
EPvtVaughn, Beverly K.KIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
E LtWood, Thomas WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
F SgtDoake, Robert WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
F PvtDolan, John WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
F PvtEdwards, James MWIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
F PvtHoar, Thomas WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
F PvtHughes, Andrew WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
F PvtO'Brien, Andrew KIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
F PvtRourke, Michael WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
F SgtSneden, James WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
GCaptBierwirth, Francis V.KIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
G SgtBoyle, Hugh WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
G PvtBoyle, Stephen WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
GPvtBrannon, John WIA   09/17
G CorpMcCartney, Henry WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
G PvtScully, Martin WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
G PvtTieman, Richard WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
G PvtToy, Robert S.WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
H CaptKelley, Thomas WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
H PvtPatton, William WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
H PvtTodd, William KIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
I PvtBowers, James WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
I PvtCloney, Thomas J.POW   09/17     We have some details for this person
I PvtCush, William WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
I CorpElben, William POW   09/17     We have some details for this person
I SgtFunston, George WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
I SgtGillen, Cornelius KIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
I CaptGillen, Daniel F.POW   09/17     We have some details for this person
I SgtLane, James H.WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
I PvtLogan, Michael POW   09/17     We have some details for this person
I PvtLouden, John F.KIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
I PvtLoyer, Charles H.WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
I PvtMcClarren, James POW   09/17     We have some details for this person
I PvtPine, Benjamin WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
KCorpBradley, Dennis WIA   09/17
K CorpBuckley, John WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
K PvtCotter, Thomas KIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
K PvtFlynn, John C.KIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
K PvtFlynn, Michael POW   09/17     We have some details for this person
KPvtHand, John KIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
K SgtHart, Patrick KIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
K PvtKearney, James WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
K LtKelley, Joseph M.WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
K PvtMcConnell, Patrick POW   09/17     We have some details for this person
K PvtMcGrath, Thomas WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
K PvtMoran, George M.KIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
K PvtMulhall, John WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
K PvtPolley, John POW   09/17     We have some details for this person
K PvtShields, Francis KIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
K PvtWaters, John KIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
K PvtWelsh, John WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
F&SSgtCoyne, Michael KIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
F&SMajDevereux, Jr., John WIA   09/17     We have some details for this person
F&SColOwen, Joshua Thomas        We have a picture for this person We have some details for this person

 

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