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Unit

Federal Regiment

118th Pennsylvania Infantry

"Corn Exchange Regiment"
Organized: Philadelphia, PA; mustered in 7/27/1862
Disbanded/Mustered out: Philadelphia, PA 6/10/1865
Commanding Officers:
  Col. Charles M. Prevost
  LCol. James Gwyn
Battlefield Tablets for this Unit:
   Tablet #33: Fifth Army Corps - 15 Sep, 2 PM to 16 Sep, 12 PM
   Tablet #18: Morell's Division, Fifth Army Corps - 16 Sep, 12 PM to 17 Sep, 8 AM
   Tablet #26: Morell's Division, Fifth Army Corps - 17 Sep, 8 AM to 17 Sep, 2 PM

This Regiment's Chain of Command:
  Army - Army of the Potomac
  Corps - Fifth (V) Army Corps
  Division - 1st Division, V Corps
  Brigade - 1st Brigade, 1st Division, V Corps



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History of the Unit:
At a meeting of the Corn Exchange of Philadelphia, on the 27th of July, 1862, it was resolved to furnish the means necessary to raise a regiment of infantry for service in the national armies. By the 30th of August, the companies were full, and the regiment was organized.

Officers appointed: Charles M. Provost, Colonel; James Gwyn, Lieutenant Colonel; Charles P. Herring, Major.

In the Antietam Campaign:
On September 12th the Regiment left Washington on the Maryland campaign. It arrived at the Antietam Creek on the evening of the 16th. During the battle of the 17th, it was held in reserve, and suffered but slight loss.

On the 19th, the division crossed the Potomac at Blackford's Ford, heading for Shepherdstown. It was scarcely over, when the enemy was discovered advancing upon it in heavy force.

The regiment was ordered to a position along the bluff on the far bank of the Potomac. "The first company, on gaining the summit, was deployed as skirmishers, and the rest of the regiment quickly formed. But before the line was perfectly established, the skirmishers were driven in, and an engagement commenced, the enemy coming on in overwhelming numbers. Unsupported, and receiving a concentrated fire from front and flank, the command was subjected to a trying ordeal. Colonel Provost, while carrying the colors to the front, to check a momentary wavering of the line, was severely wounded and carried from the field. The command then devolved upon Lieutenant Colonel Gwyn, who held his position until ordered to re-cross the river, which was accomplished under a galling fire from the triumphant foe, who pressed quickly forward and swarmed on the bluffs. Nearly all of the wounded, and about ninety men beside, fell into the hands of the enemy, and all the dead were left upon the field.

The loss in the engagement was sixty-four killed, one hundred and twenty-four wounded, and ninety-four missing; an aggregate of two hundred and eighty-two out of about eight hundred, who crossed the river on that disastrous day. Captains Courtland, Saunders, and Joseph W. Ricketts, and Lieutenants Mora Moss, and J. Rudhall White, were among the killed, and Captain Callaghan, Lieutenants M'Keen, Lewis, and Smith, and Adjutant Perot, were among the wounded, the latter, with Lieutenant Hand, among the prisoners. For gallantry in this engagement, Colonel Provost was brevetted Brigadier General."

LCol Gwyn reported that during the engagement "... Owing to the worthlessness of our pieces [rifles] (condemned Enfield), not more than 50 percent of which could be discharged, the line began to waver ... " .

The remainder of the War:
The Regiment served in the campaigns of the Army of the Potomac, Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville, Gettysburg, the Wilderness, and others through to Appomattox in April 1865.

References, Sources, and other Notes:
Source: Bates, Samuel P., History of the Pennsylvania Volunteers, 1861-65, Harrisburg, 1868-1871. (online at Pennsylvania in the Civil War); and
OFFICIAL RECORDS; Series 1, Volume 19, Part I (Antietam - Serial 27)

See a post on behindAotW about the Regiment and a modern-day river crossing at Shepherdstown.

We have 273 individuals in the AotW database for this unit:

Co. Rank Name Casualty? Details*
APvtAllen, Richard WIA   09/20     We have some details for this person
APvtBarry, David H.KIA   09/20     We have some details for this person
APvtBrinton, Joseph E.POW   09/20     We have some details for this person
APvtChambers, Samuel KIA   09/20     We have some details for this person
APvtFairbrother, Allen MWIA   09/20     We have some details for this person
APvtFarley, James KIA   09/20     We have some details for this person
APvtGillis, Joseph WIA   09/20     We have some details for this person
APvtHarmer, Joseph C.WIA   00/00     We have some details for this person
APvtHestert, John KIA   09/20     We have some details for this person
APvtHirst, William H.WIA   09/20     We have some details for this person
APvtKelly, Thomas F.WIA   09/20     We have some details for this person
APvtMarkley, Francis WIA   09/20     We have some details for this person
APvtMcCann, John WIA   09/20     We have some details for this person
APvtMcElroy, John WIA   09/20     We have some details for this person
ASgtMurphy, John MWIA   09/20     We have a picture for this person We have some details for this person
APvtMurphy, Patrick WIA   09/20     We have some details for this person
APvtNorris, Joseph POW   09/20     We have some details for this person
APvtPhillips, Samuel KIA   09/20     We have some details for this person
ACorpRussell, John WIA   09/20     We have some details for this person
ACorpStevens, Philip POW   09/20     We have some details for this person
APvtTibbens, Joseph R.WIA   09/20     We have some details for this person
ACorpWilson, James G.KIA   09/20     We have some details for this person
APvtWinters, Joseph H.WIA   09/20     We have some details for this person
APvtWulf, Julius POW   09/20     We have some details for this person
BPvtBarry, John P.WIA   09/20     We have some details for this person
BPvtCasteldine, James KIA   09/20     We have some details for this person
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BPvtDick, Henry C.KIA   09/20     We have some details for this person
BPvtJones, Harry AWOL   10/15     We have some details for this person
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BPvtMcGlenn, Hugh WIA   09/20     We have some details for this person
BPvtMurray, Robert AWOL   10/15     We have some details for this person
BPvtNeel, Thomas JudsonKIA   09/20     We have some details for this person
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BCorpSheridan, John H.WIA   09/20     We have some details for this person
BPvtVost, John B.WIA   09/20     We have some details for this person
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BCorpYoung, John D.AWOL   09/20     We have some details for this person
CSgtAshbrook, Joseph WIA   09/20     We have a picture for this person We have some details for this person
CPvtBurns, James KIA   09/20     We have some details for this person
CCorpBurroughs, Robert B.WIA   09/20     We have some details for this person
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CPvtDougherty, Thomas F.AWOL   09/12     We have some details for this person
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CSgtHays, Jr., John POW   09/20     We have some details for this person
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CPvtKnockle, Phillip WIA   09/20     We have some details for this person
CSgtLarrison, William E.POW   09/20     We have some details for this person
CPvtLe Blanc, John WIA   09/20     We have some details for this person
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CPvtYoung, George C.POW   09/20     We have some details for this person
DSgtAnderson, Stephen B.MWIA   09/20     We have some details for this person
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DPvtField, John WIA   09/20     We have some details for this person
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HPvtAshman, Benjamin KIA   09/20     We have some details for this person
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KPvtKirschenmann, John J.MWIA   09/20     We have some details for this person
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