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Federal (USV)


Orlando Emanuel Caruana

(1844 - 1917)

Home State: New York

Command Billet: Soldier

Branch of Service: Infantry

Unit: 51st New York Infantry

Before Antietam

Giving his age as 20, he enlisted on 7 August 1861 in New York City and mustered as Sergeant, Company K, 51st New York Infantry on 6 September. He was cited for bravery in combat at New Berne, NC, in March 1862: saving wounded comrades and the colors - which, along with his actions at South Mountain, resulted in the award of the Medal of Honor.

On the Campaign

He later received the Medal of Honor for volunteering to scout the enemy's position at Fox's Gap on South Mountain on 14 September 1862 and returning successfully even though three of his companions were killed on the mission.

The rest of the War

He was discharged at the end of his term of enlistment on 6 September 1864 in New York City.

After the War

On 18 July 1865 he enlisted in Washington, DC in Company I, 44th United States Infantry, and served as a clerk in the office of the Adjutant General. He reenlisted in June 1870 but was discharged in June 1874 to accept appointment as a Class 1 (civilian) clerk there. In 1910 he was still a clerk in the War Department in Washington, DC.

References & notes

His service from the NY Adjutant General1 and the Registers.2 Personal details from family genealogists and the US Census of 1900 & 1910. His gravesite is on Findagrave.

He married Frances Marion Harvey and they had 3 children. He married again, Mary Catherine Fullerton (1850-1929) in 1896.


6/23/1844; Valetta, MALTA


09/14/1917; Washington, DC; burial in Mount Olivet Cemetery, Washington, DC


1   State of New York, Adjutant-General, Annual Report of the Adjutant General of the State of New York [year]: Registers of the [units], 43 Volumes, Albany: James B. Lyon, State Printer, 1893-1905, For the Year 1900, Ser. No. 25, p. 34  [AotW citation 30394]

2   US Army, Registers of Enlistments in the United States Army, 1798-1914, Washington, DC: National Archives, 1956  [AotW citation 30395]