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Confederate (CSV)


Robert Miller Mitchell, Jr.

(1845 - 1928)

Home State: Virginia

Command Billet: Company Commander

Branch of Service: Infantry

Unit: 11th Virginia Infantry

Before Sharpsburg

Son of a Lynchburg blacksmith,1 he was a student and gave his age as 18 on 22 April 1861 when he enrolled and was made 2nd Lieutenant in Company A, 11th Virginia Infantry. He was promoted to First Lieutenant on 11 September 1861 and to Captain of the Company on 26 April 1862, when Captain George Woodville Latham retired.2

On the Campaign

He succeeded to command of the Regiment after Major Clement was wounded on 14 September.2

The rest of the War

He was absent as a member of a Court Martial through October 1862, and was absent sick from November to April 1863. He was wounded in action on 3 July 1863 during Pickett's Charge, Gettysburg. In May 1864 he was again in command of the Regiment as senior officer present, and narrowly avoided capture during action immediately prior to the battle of Cold Harbor.2 Captain Mitchell was in command of what was left of the 11th on the Appomattox Campaign in 1865.3

After the War

He was in mining in California from 1868-1872, then a merchant and newspaperman in Augusta, GA. In 1883 he formed the company, built, and was President of the Augusta, Gibbons, and Sandersville (later Augusta Southern) Railroad. He moved to Atlanta, GA in 1896 and was also in other railroad, real estate, and insurance businesses. By 1920 had retired there.

References & notes

Further details from his Compiled Service Records,4, online from fold3, family genealogists, and the US Census of 1860 and 1900-1920. His gravesite is on Findagrave.

He married Lucy S. Raney (1852-) in November 1873 in Richmond County, GA and they had 6 children.

Although addressed as "Colonel" later in life, there's no military record of him at that rank.

More on the Web

The town of Mitchell, GA was named for him.


04/12/1845; Lynchburg, VA


06/02/1928; Decatur, GA; burial in Westview Cemetery, Atlanta, GA


1   US Census Bureau, and and Nancy Byrd, transcriber, 1850 US Federal Census, Campbell County, Virginia, Published 2002, first accessed 17 November 2005, <>, Source page: Sheet No. 73B (file /p073b.txt)  [AotW citation 311]

2   Bell, Robert T., 11th Virginia Infantry, Lynchburg (Va.): H. E. Howard, Inc., 1985, roster  [AotW citation 312]

3   US War Department, The War of the Rebellion: a Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies (OR), 128 vols., Washington DC: US Government Printing Office, 1880-1901, Ser. 1, Vol 46, Part 2 (Appomattox - Serial 96) , Page 1268  [AotW citation 313]

4   US War Department, Compiled Service Records of Confederate Soldiers, Record Group No. 109 (War Department Collection of Confederate Records), Washington DC: US National Archives and Records Administration (NARA), 1903-1927  [AotW citation 27820]