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Confederate (CSV)


Henry S. Jennings, Jr.

(1839 - 1916)

Home State: Georgia

Command Billet: Battery Officer

Branch of Service: Artillery

Unit: Troup (GA) Artillery

Before Sharpsburg

A teacher before the war, he enlisted 17 July 1861 as Private in the Troup Artillery. He was elected 2nd Lieutenant of the Battery in the Army reorganization 29 April 1862.1

On the Campaign

"... For the most successful rally made on the retreat from the crest of the mountain [at Crampton's Gap] I was indebted to a section of the Troup Artillery, under Lieutenant [Henry] Jennings. They had been ordered forward, and had reached a point where, under the terrific fire of the enemy, their pieces were placed in position, and, by their prompt and rapid firing, checked for a time the advance of the enemy. One of the pieces was brought off safely; the other was lost by an accident to the axle ..."2

The rest of the War

He continued in service with the Battery, and was wounded in the right knee 3 July 1863 at Gettysburg. He was detached from the Battery in February 1865 and "given charge of the ordnance of Cabell's Arty. Bttn., a duty which entitled him to the rank of Captain, but the war closed so soon afterward he was never commissioned as such."1

After the War

He was a farmer in Clarke County, then moved to Atlanta in 1884, where he joined the police force in 1887. He became Chief of Police in 1905 and retired in 1910. He was then a manager for Pinkerton's.1

References & notes

He was married three times: Jane McWhorter in 1866, Francis E. Callahan in 1867 and Sarah F. Jackson in 1871.1


04/02/1839; Clarke County, GA


07/10/1916; burial in Oakland Cemetery, Atlanta, GA.


1   From roster data collected by Bill Smedlund from muster rolls, municipal, and family records.
Smedlund, William S., Troup Artillery, Published 2002, first accessed 15 December 2005, <>, Source page: /rostil.html  [AotW citation 385]

2   BGen Howell Cobb's Official Report on Boonsborough (Crampton's Gap)
US War Department, The War of the Rebellion: a Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies (OR), 128 vols., Washington DC: US Government Printing Office, 1880-1901, Series 1, Vol 19, Part 1 (Antietam - Serial 27) , Pages 870 - 871  [AotW citation 386]