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A. L. Long

A. L. Long

Confederate (CSV)


Armistead Lindsay Long

(1825 - 1891)

Home State: Virginia

Education: US Military Academy, West Point, NY, Class of 1850;Class Rank: 14

Command Billet: Staff Officer

Branch of Service: Artillery

Unit: Army of Northern Virginia

Before Sharpsburg

After graduation from West Point he was commissioned into the 2nd US Artillery. He was appointed 2nd Lieutenant 30 June 1851, and 1st Lieutenant on 1 July 1854. He resigned his US commission in June 1861 and in July accepted appointment as Major of Artillery, CSA, serving on Brigadier General Loring's staff in Western Virginia. He became assistant inspector general, Army of Northern Virginia (ANV) in August 1861. He was promoted to Colonel and joined Gen R.E. Lee's staff as Military Secretary and artillery adviser in April 1862.1,2

The rest of the War

He was at Gettysburg, with a prominent role in planning there, and was promoted to Brigadier General of Artillery in September 1863, commanding the II Corps Artillery. He remained with the ANV until the end of the War.3

After the War

He was a canal engineer, and wrote Memoirs of Gen. Robert E. Lee (London: Sampson Low, Marston, Searle and Rivington, 1886).3

References & notes

Photograph above from Uriguen.4

Long was married to Mary Heron Sumner, daughter of MGen E.V. Sumner.5

More on the Web

His burial monument at Maplewood is pictured online.


09/03/1825; Campbell County, VA


04/29/1891; burial in Maplewood Cemetery, Charlottesville, VA


1   Heitman, Francis Bernard, Historical Register and Dictionary of the United States Army 1789-1903, 2 volumes, Washington DC: US Government Printing Office, 1903, Pg. 639  [AotW citation 413]

2   Krick, Robert E.L., Staff Officers in Gray; A Biographical Register of the Staff Officers in the Army of Northern Virginia, Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2003  [AotW citation 414]

3   Warner, Ezra J., Generals in Gray, Lives of the Confederate Commanders, Baton Rouge, LA: Louisiana State University Press, 1959  [AotW citation 415]

4   Uriguen, Mikel, Photo Gallery (Generals and Brevet Generals), Generals of the Civil War, Published c. 1998, first accessed 01 January 1998, <>, Source page: /sgl/long.htm  [AotW citation 416]

5   Dodge, Russ, and Jim Tipton (founder), A.J. Marik, et al., FInd A Grave, Published 1995, first accessed 01 January 2000, <>, Source page: /cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=11017  [AotW citation 417]