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Federal (USV)


Ernest Longyear

(c. 1841 - 1862)

Home State: Pennsylvania

Branch of Service: Infantry

Unit: 72nd Pennsylvania Infantry

Before Antietam

About age 20, he enlisted and mustered as Private, Company D, 72nd Pennsylvania Infantry on 10 August 1861 in Philadelphia.

On the Campaign

He was mortally wounded by a gunshot - which entered at his groin and broke his femur (thigh bone) - in action at Antietam on 17 September 1862.

The rest of the War

He was admitted to US Army General Hospital #1 in Frederick, MD on 25 September, and fragments of the top of his femur were removed on 2 October, but he died of his wounds on 4 October 1862. His body was taken home by relatives.

References & notes

Service information from Bates1 and the Card File.2 Wound and hospital details from the Patient List,3 as Ernest Longyer or Langgar, and Otis' Report.4


c. 1841


10/04/1062; Frederick, MD


1   Bates, Samuel Penniman, History of the Pennsylvania Volunteers, 1861-65, Harrisburg: State of Pennsylvania, 1868-1871  [AotW citation 11748]

2   Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, Adjutant-General, Pennsylvania Civil War Veterans' Card File, 1861-1866, Published <2005, first accessed 01 July 2005, <>  [AotW citation 23327]

3   National Museum of Civil War Medicine, and Terry Reimer, Frederick Patient List, Published 2018, first accessed 17 September 2018, <>, Source page: patient #4.566  [AotW citation 23328]

4   Otis, George Alexander, A Report on Excisions of the Head of the Femur for Gunshot Injury, Washington: US Army, Office of the Surgeon General, 1869, pg. 104  [AotW citation 23329]