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T. H. Ruger

T. H. Ruger

Federal (USA)


Thomas Howard Ruger

(1833 - 1907)

Home State: Wisconsin

Education: US Military Academy, West Point, NY, Class of 1854

Command Billet: Commanding Regiment

Branch of Service: Infantry

Unit: 3rd Wisconsin Infantry


see his Battle Report

Before Antietam

Born in New York, he was appointed to West Point from Wisconsin in 1850, graduating 3rd in the class of 1854. He served as an engineer in New Orleans, but resigned in 1855. Until the War he practised law in Janesville, Wisconsin.

He was commissioned Lt Colonel of the 3d Wisconsin on 29 June 1861, and its Colonel on 1 September 1861. He led the unit in the Shenandoah Valley, and in Northern Virginia in the campaigns of spring and summer 1862.

On the Campaign

Commanded the 3rd Wisconsin Regiment part of the Third Brigade/First Division in the Twelfth (XII) Corps and assumed command of the Brigade when BGen Gordon took over the Division.

The rest of the War

He was promoted Brigadier General 29 November 1862, led a brigade in the Rappahannock campaigns, and commanded a division at Gettysburg. He was in Tennessee till April, 1864, led a brigade in Sherman's Georgia campaign (to November, 1864), and a division of the 23d Corps in the campaign against General John B. Hood's army in Tennessee - beign cited by brevet for the battle of Franklin. He commanded a division in North Carolina til June 1865, and then had charge of the department of that state till June, 1866, when he mustered out of Volunteer service.

After the War

He accepted a commission in the Regular Army as Colonel of the 33rd Infantry in July 1866, and served as provisional governor of Georgia (1868 - see portrait), superintendent of the US Military Academy (1871-76), and had commands in the West. He was promoted to Brigadier General, USA, in 1886, and Major General in 1895. He retired from the Army 2 April 1897.

References & notes

Sources: Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, edited by James Grant Wilson and John Fiske. Six volumes, New York: D. Appleton and Company, 1887-1889; and
Heitman, Francis Historical Register and Dictionary of the United States Army 1789-1903, Washington, US Government Printing Office, 1903.

More on the Web

See a more complete biography at the Ruger Camp, SUVCW [an MSN Group]


4/2/1833; Lima, NY


6/3/1907; Stamford, CT; burial in USMA, West Point, NY