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J.T. Heard

J.T. Heard

Federal (USV)


John Theodore Heard

(1836 - 1906)

Home State: Massachusetts

Education: Harvard Medical School, Class of 1859

Command Billet: Medical Director

Branch of Service: Medical

Unit: First Army Corps

Before Antietam

He had served at the Masachusetts General Hospital and was studying medicine in Dublin and Paris. He was in Moscow in early 1861 when the War began. He returned to the US and was commissioned Assistant Surgeon of the 13th Massachusetts Infantry on 13 June 1861. He was promoted to Surgeon and appointed Brigade Surgeon on 1 May 1862.

On the Campaign

He was acting Medical Director of the First Army Corps in Maryland, and was formally appointed to that post in November 1862.

The rest of the War

He was reported briefly a prisoner of war at Gettysburg in July 1863. He was appointed Medical Director, Fourth Corps, Army of the Cumberland in April 1864.

After the War

He was honored by Brevet to Lieutenant Colonel, US Volunteers on 13 March 1865 for faithful and meritorious service during the War. He was honorably mustered out of the Service on 23 October 1865. Known as J. Theodore Heard, MD, he was a "prominent physician" in Boston - from 1866-72 on the staff of Massachusetts General - and was active in charity work, including as a member of the Board of the Perkins School for the Blind from 1876 to his death.

References & notes

Basic service data from Heitman1. Biographical details from the Annual Report of the Trustees of Perkins, and the Proceedings of the Massachusetts Charitable Fire Society (1904-19). The photograph of Assistant Surgeon John Theodore Heard, 13th Massachusetts Infantry is in the USAHEC (formerly USAMHI) collection2. Burial information from his gravesite on Findagrave.


05/28/1836; Boston, MA


9/2/1906; Magnolia, MA; burial in Mount Auburn Cemetery, Cambridge, MA


1   Heitman, Francis Bernard, Historical Register and Dictionary of the United States Army 1789-1903, 2 volumes, Washington DC: US Government Printing Office, 1903, Vol. 1, pg. 518  [AotW citation 12140]

2   US Army, Military History Institute (USAMHI), American Civil War (ACW) photographs, Military History Institute Photograph Database, Published c. 1998, first accessed 01 January 2005, <>, Source page: /p16635coll13/id/6  [AotW citation 12141]