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Federal (USV)


Peter Pineo

(1825 - 1891)

Home State: Massachusetts

Education: Bowdoin Medical College, Class of 1847

Command Billet: Medical Director

Branch of Service: Medical

Unit: 1st Division, 1st Corps

Before Antietam

From Novia Scotia, he had studied medicine there for 3 years, spent a year at Harvard Medical School, then attended Bowdoin in Maine where he graduated in 1847. He practiced medicine in Portland, ME, then Boston (to 1850), Barnstable (to 1853), and Groton, MA (to 1859). He was then a professor at the Castleton (VT) Medical College. He was commissioned Surgeon of the 9th Massachusetts Infantry on 11 June 1861. He was appointed Brigade Surgeon, US Volunteers on 3 August that year.

On the Campaign

He was Medical Director of the First Division, First Army Corps at South Mountain and Antietam.

The rest of the War

In November he took command of Douglas General Hospital in Washington, DC. He was promoted to Lieutenant Colonel and Medical Inspector on 9 February 1863, and assigned to the Department of the Gulf, where he served to War's end. He was Confederate President Jefferson Davis's 'consulting surgeon' at Fortress Monroe.

After the War

He led the US Marine Hospital Service at Hyannis, MA from 1866 to 1880 when he retired from practice for health reasons and then lived in Boston.

References & notes

Basic service dates from Heitman1, with biographical details from History of Barnstable County, Massachusetts, Simeon L. Deyo, editor, New York: H. W. Blake & Co (1890).


3/26/1825; Cornwallis, Novia Scotia, CANADA


1891; Boston, MA