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Federal (USV)


George H. Caldwell

(? - 1897)

Home State: New York

Command Billet: Assistant Adjutant General

Branch of Service: Staff

Unit: 1st Brigade, 1st Division, 2nd Corps

Before Antietam

In 1861 he left his medical practice in Troy, NY and enlisted as Quartermaster Sergeant in the 11th Maine Infantry, commanded by his brother John. He was appointed Captain and Assistant Adjutant General (AAG) of Volunteers to date from 29 July 1862, and joined his brother's staff on John's promotion to Brigadier General.

On the Campaign

He was Brigade AAG in Maryland.

The rest of the War

He was his brother's Brigade AAG in action at Fredericksburg and Chancellorsville; then under Colonel Edward Cross (5th NH Infantry) at Gettysburg, finally for General Nelson Miles (64th NY) at the Wilderness, Spotsylvania, Cold Harbor and Petersburg, VA. He was wounded at Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville, and Gettysburg, on 3 July 1863. In March 1865 he was honored by brevets for gallant and meritorious service at the battles of Fredericksburg and Chancellorsville, VA and Gettysburg, PA (Major), and in the Campaigns of the Wilderness and before Petersburg, VA (Lieutenant Colonel). He was afterward in Washington DC serving on the Military Commission, and was at Ford’s Theatre when President Abraham Lincoln was assassinated 14 April 1865. He mustered out of the service on 20 March 1866.

References & notes

Service data from Heitman1. Information on the 11th Maine from the Maine Adjutant General's report, Appendix D, of December 1861. Other details in a piece accompanying his sword from West Coast CW Collectors. His photograph from a group shot taken shortly after the battle in September 1862 by Alexander Gardner, now at the Library of Congress. One case before the Military Commission was documented by defendant Lt Col James M. Sanderson in his 1865 book.


Date not known in MA




1   Heitman, Francis Bernard, Historical Register and Dictionary of the United States Army 1789-1903, 2 volumes, Washington DC: US Government Printing Office, 1903, Vol. 1, pg. 273  [AotW citation 13484]