(1824 - 1901)
Home State: New York
Command Billet: Brigade Commander
Branch of Service: Infantry
He was an 1843 graduate of the military school at Karlsruhe, and afterward a Lieutenant in the Grand Duke's Army, but "defected" to the revolutionary side in 1848. When the revolt failed, he emigrated to America and ran the Hotel Konstanz in New York City. In May 1861 he organized the "Turner Rifles" who became the 20th New York Infantry. He enrolled for Federal service on 6 May 1861 in New York City and was commissioned their Colonel on 20 June 1861 to date from 9 May. He was appointed Brigadier General of Volunteers on 15 May 1862 (to date from 28 April). He was commandant at Fortress Monroe, VA then commanded a Brigade on the Peninsula Campaign.
On the Campaign
He commanded the Third Brigade of the Second Division of the Second Army Corps in Maryland and was seriously wounded in his right arm his Brigade's assault on the Sunken Road position at Antietam on 17 September 1862.
The rest of the War
He lost most of the use of his right arm and was back on duty by the end of 1863, in Washington. In April 1864 he was assigned as post commander at Harpers Ferry and of the troops in the vicinity, and defended against General Early's 1864 raid on Washington.
After the War
He was the US consul at Nantes, France, and tax assessor and collector of internal revenue in New York City.
References & notes
08/27/1824; Achern, Baden-Württemberg, GERMANY
06/15/1901; Brooklyn, NY; burial in The Evergreens Cemetery, Brooklyn, NY
1 State of New York, Adjutant-General, Annual Report of the Adjutant General of the State of New York [year]: Registers of the [units], 43 Volumes, Albany: James B. Lyon, State Printer, 1893-1905, For the Year 1899, Ser. No. 20, pg. 165 [AotW citation 29145]
2 Warner, Ezra J., Generals in Blue, Lives of the Union Commanders, Baton Rouge, LA: Louisiana State University Press, 1964, pg. 546 [AotW citation 29146]