(1836 - 1913)
Home State: New York
Education: Georg-August-Universität (Gottingen), Class of 1857
Command Billet: AAG
Branch of Service: Staff
He had been a student at the Lawrence Scientific School at Harvard (1854), then the University of Frederick Wilhelm in Berlin, finally graduating in 1857 from the University of George Augusta, Gottingen, with Masters and Ph.D degrees in mining and metallurgy. He was then was on geological surveys in Wisconsin, Illinois, and Iowa. By about 1861 he was a professor at the New York State Agricultural College at Ovid (merged with Cornell), where Marsena Patrick was President. After the outbreak of War, he took a commission as Captain and Adjutant General (AAG) on General Patrick's staff to date from 14 April 1862.
On the Campaign
He was on General Patrick's staff as acting Adjutant General (AAG) on the Maryland Campaign. He was later honored by brevet for action there.
The rest of the War
He continued as AAG until he resigned for reasons of ill-health on 9 December 1863. He was brevetted Major on 23 March 1865 for his actions at Gainesville, Groveton, Antietam, Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville, and Gettysburg.
After the War
He continued his career as mining engineer and metallurgist, based in New York City. He was President of the Everett Iron Company in the 1880s. He was appointed Director of the United States Mint in July 1885 and served to October 1889. In about 1902 he relocated to Red Lodge, Montana where he had helped develop coal fields.
References & notes
More on the Web
His doctoral thesis (1857) is online from Google Books.
04/26/1836; Salem, MA
10/23/1913; Cody, WY; burial in Mount Auburn Cemetery, Cambridge, MA
1 Heitman, Francis Bernard, Historical Register and Dictionary of the United States Army 1789-1903, 2 volumes, Washington DC: US Government Printing Office, 1903, Vol. 1, pg. 598 [AotW citation 14684]