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J.R. Swigart

J.R. Swigart

Federal (USV)


Joseph Ritner Swigart

(1839 - 1892)

Home State: Ohio

Education: Heidelberg (Ohio) College, Class of 1858

Command Billet: ADC

Branch of Service: Infantry

Unit: 1st Brigade, 3rd Division, 2nd Corps

Before Antietam

A lawyer, he had been admitted to the bar in 1859 and was in practice in Bucyrus, OH. He enlisted in Company C, 8th Ohio Infantry as Corporal at age 21 on 5 June 1861. He was appointed 2nd Lieutenant and Adjutant of the Regiment on 6 July 1861. He was detached as Aide de Camp (ADC) to General Kimball on 6 July 1862.

On the Campaign

In his after-action Report, General Kimball noted:

The conduct of Lieutenants Swigart, Marshall, and Burrell, though out the entire fight, was highly commendable, and exhibited a high degree of gallantry, efficiency, and personal bravery. They were proved by a test such as it is seldom the lot even of veterans to encounter, and the result has been highly honorable to them. I recommend them to the consideration of the commanding general.

The rest of the War

He transferred to Company G, 8th Ohio on 1 November 1862 as First Lieutenant. He was honored by brevet to Major on 13 November 1863. Mustered out with his Company on 13 July 1864.

After the War

In 1867-68 he was Mayor of the village of Napoleon, OH. By 1870 he was a practicing lawyer in Toledo, OH and Collector of the Internal Revenue there, to at least 1877.

References & notes

Basic information from State of Ohio1. Details from A Centennial Biographical History of Crawford County, Ohio (Lewis Publishing, 1902), the Heidelberg College Catalogue (1891-2), and other local histories. His gravesite is on Findagrave. His photograph in uniform from one of unknown provenance posted on


09/29/1839 in PA


03/03/1892; burial in Hutchinson Eastside Cemetery, Hutchinson, KS


1   State of Ohio, Roster Commission, Official Roster of the Soldiers of the State of Ohio in the War of the Rebellion, 1861-1866, 12 Volumes, Akron: The Werner Company, 1893-95, Vol. 2, pp. 237, 252  [AotW citation 14745]