site logo
T.B. von Michalowski

T.B. von Michalowski

Federal (USA)


Theophilus Bhyrd von Michalowski

(c. 1839 - ?)

Home State: Missouri

Branch of Service: Artillery

Unit: 1st United States Artillery, Battery K

Before Antietam

On 16 April 1860, a 21 year old clerk, he enlisted in St Louis, MO as a Private in Company C, 2nd United States Infantry, transferred to Company G of the 11th US, then was promoted to Sergeant Major of the 11th by 28 October 1861. He was appointed 2nd Lieutenant, 1st US Artillery on 1 May 1861.

On the Campaign

He served with his Battery on the Maryland Campaign, and was cited by Captain Graham in his after-action Report:

Lieutenant Michalowski for a long time served one of his pieces with but one cannoneer, alternating with this man in loading and firing.

The rest of the War

He was promoted to First Lieutenant on 28 May 1863. General Buford complimented him in his after-action report on the Gettysburg Campaign. He was honored by brevets to First Lieutenant (17 September 1862) for "gallant and meritorious service" at Antietam, and to Captain (4 June 1864) for action near St. Mary's Church, VA.

After the War

He resigned his commission on 28 August 1867.

By 1880 he was a married civil engineer and surveyor, and in June of that year was a prisoner in the Ramsay County Jail in St Paul, MN.

References & notes

His service from Heitman,1 who spells his name Theophie, and the Registers,2 as Von Theophilus Michalowski. Most US Army records have him as Theophilus, with some as Teofil or Theophil. Personal details from family genealogists and the US Census of 1880. His picture from a photograph in the Scott D. Hann Collection, as published in Military Images (September/October 2002).

He married Mary Louise Smith (1843-) in June 1866 and they had a daughter Clara Maria (b. 1868, CT). He married Alice (?) and they had a son Birthald (c. 1878, IA).

More on the Web

For much more about von Michalowski, most particularly about his sad post-war life, see a fine post by Bob O’Neill at Small but Important Riots.


c. 1839; Posen, POLAND (PRUSSIA)


1   Heitman, Francis Bernard, Historical Register and Dictionary of the United States Army 1789-1903, 2 volumes, Washington DC: US Government Printing Office, 1903, Vol. 1, pg. 989  [AotW citation 14902]

2   US Army, Registers of Enlistments in the United States Army, 1798-1914, Washington, DC: National Archives, 1956, Vol. 142, p. 490  [AotW citation 30505]