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Federal (USA)


Theophilus Bhyrd von Michalowski

(c. 1838 - ?)

Home State: Unknown

Branch of Service: Artillery

Unit: 1st United States Artillery, Battery K

Before Antietam

He was progressively Private, Company C, and G, 2nd US Infantry, then Sergeant Major, 11th US Infantry from 16 April 1860 to 28 October 1861. He was appointed 2nd Lieutenant, 1st US Artillery on 1 May 1861.

On the Campaign

He served with his Battery on the Maryland Campaign, and was cited by Captain Graham in his after-action Report:

Lieutenant Michalowski for a long time served one of his pieces with but one cannoneer, alternating with this man in loading and firing.

The rest of the War

He was promoted to First Lieutenant on 28 May 1863. General Buford complimented him in his after-action report on the Gettysburg Campaign. He was honored by brevets to First Lieutenant (17 Sep 62) for "gallant and meritorious service" at Antietam, and to Captain (4 Jun 64) for action near St. Mary's Church, VA.

After the War

He resigned his commission on 28 August 1867.

References & notes

Service dates from Heitman1, who spells his name Theophie. Most US Army records have him as Theophilus, with some as Teofil or Theophil.


c. 1838 in PRUSSIA


Date not known


1   Heitman, Francis Bernard, Historical Register and Dictionary of the United States Army 1789-1903, 2 volumes, Washington DC: US Government Printing Office, 1903, Vol. 1, pg. 989  [AotW citation 14902]