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C.P. Adams

C.P. Adams

Federal (USV)


Charles Powell Adams

(1831 - 1893)

Home State: Minnesota

Education: Ohio Medical College, Class of 1851

Branch of Service: Infantry

Unit: 1st Minnesota Infantry

Before Antietam

After graduating from medical school he lived in Indiana, then moved to Hastings, MN in 1854 and began a medical practice. He served in the Territorial Legislature in 1857. In December 1859 he started a newspaper, the Hastings Democrat. He was elected Captain, Company H, 1st Minnesota Infantry on 30 April 1861. He was wounded in action at First Bull Run, VA in July 1861. He was injured from a fall and was ill after Malvern Hill, VA in July 1862, and returned to his Company about 12 September.

On the Campaign

He commanded his Company in Maryland, and was wounded, grazed in the arm and chest, in action at Antietam on 17 September 1862.

The rest of the War

He was promoted Major on 26 September 1862 and Lieutenant Colonel on 6 May 1863. He was wounded again, in action at Gettysburg, PA on 2 July 1863 by three gunshots, to the leg and lung. He was left on the field, expected to die, but carried to the hospital the next morning. He was treated in a hospital at Gettysburg and then recovered in Minnesota. In November 1863 he was in a hospital in Washington, DC, and returned to his Regiment on 12 December, not entirely recovered. He mustered out with the Regiment on 5 May 1864. On 15 July 1864 he was commissioned Major of Hatch's Cavalry Battalion, and was made Lieutenant Colonel on 5 September. He mustered out with the Battalion on 5 June 1866.

After the War

He was honored by brevets to Colonel and Brigadier General of Volunteers on 22 June 1867. He was Mayor of Hastings in 1872, and a State Senator 1879-81. He died of cancer at age 62.

References & notes

Antietam casualty information from Nelson1 with many details from Barden & Jorgenson2. His picture from a photograph at the Minnesota Historical Society, St Paul, MN. His gravesite is on Findagrave.


03/03/1831; Rainsburg, PA


11/02/1893; Vermillion, MN; burial in Lakeside Cemetery, Hastings, MN


1   Nelson, John H., As Grain Falls Before the Reaper: The Federal Hospital Sites and Identified Federal Casualties at Antietam, Hagerstown: John H. Nelson, 2004, pg. 110  [AotW citation 16086]

2   Barden, Chuck, and Wayne D. Jorgenson, The First Minnesota Volunteer Infantry Regiment , Published 2000, first accessed 01 January 2002, <>, Source page: /#/soldier/497  [AotW citation 16568]