(1835 - 1900)
Home State: Kansas
Branch of Service: Infantry
He went to Kansas from Massachusetts in 1857 and homesteaded there. On 14 May 1861, age 26, from Junction City, KS, he enlisted and mustered as First Sergeant, Company B, 2nd Kansas Infantry on 20 June 1861. He saw action at Wilson's Creek, MO on 10 August 1861 and mustered out on 31 October at Lawrence, KS.
In December he returned east, to Chelsea, MA and opened a recruiting office, intending to return with new troops to Kansas. Instead, he accepted a commission as Captain, Company A, 35th Massachusetts Infantry to date from 1 August 1862.
On the Campaign
He led the regiment briefly after Colonel Wild was hit on South Mountain on 14 September, and although slightly wounded in action at Antietam on 17 September 1862, was in command of the regiment as "acting Lieutenant Colonel" at the end of the day there.
The rest of the War
He was again "acting Lieutenant Colonel" at Fredericksburg, VA on 13 December 1862 and commanded the regiment there after Major Willard was mortally wounded. He resigned his commission on 24 April 1863. He returned to Kansas and had later service as First Lieutenant in the Black Hawks attached to the 3rd Kansas Militia.
After the War
He lived in Lawrence, KS and was a brick manufacturer 1864-66, then grocer and produce shipper. He sold his business and retired in 1895 and was active in the Grand Army of the Republic.
References & notes
Casualty information from Nelson.1 Service from the Report of the Adjutant General of the State of Kansas, 1861-'65 (1896) and Soldiers, Sailors and Marines.2 Details from the History 3, a sketch in Chapman's Portrait and Biographical Record of Leavenworth, Douglas and Franklin Counties, Kansas (1899), and family genealogists. His gravesite is on Findagrave. His picture from a photograph at Wilson's Creek National Battlefield hosted online by the Springfield-Greene County Library.
There were 6 other men named Andrews in Company A, at least three of whom were his cousins: James Theodore Johnson Andrews (died in camp 4 February 1863), William Baker Damon Andrews (died of wounds near Petersburg in September 1864), and Reuben Snow Hayden Andrews (survived the War).
11/16/1835; North Scituate, MA
1900; Douglas County, KS; burial in Oak Hill Cemetery, Lawrence, KS
1 Nelson, John H., As Grain Falls Before the Reaper: The Federal Hospital Sites and Identified Federal Casualties at Antietam, Hagerstown: John H. Nelson, 2004, pg. 115 [AotW citation 16145]
2 Commonwealth of Massachusetts, Adjutant General, Massachusetts Soldiers, Sailors, and Marines in the Civil War, 8 Vols, Norwood (MA): Norwood Press, 1931-35, Vol. 3, pg. 648 [AotW citation 20455]
3 Carruth, Sumner, and others of the Committee of the Regimental Association, History of the Thirty-Fifth Regiment Massachusetts Volunteers, 1862-1865, Boston: Mills, Knight & Company, 1884, pp. 30, 89 [AotW citation 20456]