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Federal (USV)


John Nelson Amidon

(1844 - 1907)

Home State: New York

Branch of Service: Infantry

Unit: 49th New York Infantry

Before Antietam

On 10 August 1861, a 16 year old farm boy, he gave his age as 18 and enlisted in Clymer for three years. He mustered as Private, Company G, 49th New York Infantry on 30 August and transferred to Company I on 1 November.

On the Campaign

He was wounded by a gunshot to his right leg in action at Antietam on 17 September 1862.

The rest of the War

He was treated in a hospital in Washington, DC and was sent to the Satterlee Hospital in Philadelphia on 21 June 1863. By then his

leg bent almost to thigh. The hamstring tendons cut ... October 30th, leg much straighter; is obliged to walk with crutches. November 20th is able to walk about with a cane; leg still a little bent ... January 1, 1864, patient returned to duty, cured.
Soon afterward he was admitted to the Augur Hospital in Washington from which he was discharged for disability on 10 February 1864.

He enlisted again, on 31 August 1864 at Clyde [Clymer?], NY in Company H of the 15th New York Engineers and mustered out with them on 13 June 1865 at Camp Barry in Washington, DC.

After the War

He returned to Clymer in Chautauqua County, NY, and began receiving a veteran's disability pension in 1879. He was living in Mina in Chautauqua County at the State Census of 1892 but moved to Erie, PA and was a stationary engineer there by 1900.

References & notes

Casualty information from Nelson1 and the MSHWR,2 source of the quote above; both as J.H. Armidon. His service from the Adjutant General,3 who also has him as Nathan J. Amidon. Details from the 1860 and 1900 US Census, and family genealogists, some of whom have his name as Nelson J. or Nelson John Amidon. His gravesite is on Findagrave.

He married Caroline M_ (1841-1932) in 1875 and they adopted a daughter, Lena Heisler (later Dodge, b. 1884). Caroline received an Army widow's pension in Pennsylvania beginning in February 1908. By 1930 it was $50 per month.


09/18/1844 in PA


06/12/1907; in PA; burial in Mina Cemetery, Mina, NY


1   Nelson, John H., As Grain Falls Before the Reaper: The Federal Hospital Sites and Identified Federal Casualties at Antietam, Hagerstown: John H. Nelson, 2004, pg. 116  [AotW citation 16166]

2   Barnes, Joseph K., and US Army, Office of the Surgeon General, The Medical and Surgical History of the War of the Rebellion, 6 books, Washington DC: US Government Printing Office, 1870, Volume 2, Part 3, pg. 59  [AotW citation 22523]

3   State of New York, Adjutant-General, Annual Report of the Adjutant General of the State of New York [year]: Registers of the [units], 43 Volumes, Albany: James B. Lyon, State Printer, 1893-1905, For the Year 1900, Ser. No. 24, pg. 1186; For 1898, Ser. No. 16, pg. 366  [AotW citation 22524]