(1820 - 1909)
Home State: Texas
Branch of Service: Infantry
Unit: 1st Texas Infantry
One of the "pioneers" of Cherokee County, TX, he went to Jacksonville, TX from Alabama about 1850. He enlisted as Private in Company H, First Texas Infantry at Kickapoo, TX on 20 March 1862, age 41.
On the Campaign
He was wounded in action at Sharpsburg on 17 September 1862, by gunshot through both thighs.
The rest of the War
He was treated at a US Army hospital in Frederick, MD from 15 October through 8 November 1862, then transferred to Baltimore, probably for exchange. He was in a hospital in Petersburg, VA on 21 November and furloughed home on the 29th. He was listed as absent on wounded furlough on subsequent muster rolls to the end of the war.
After the War
He was a farmer in Jacksonville, Cherokee County, TX to at least 1900.
References & notes
Service information from Davis,1 Simpson,2 and his Compiled Service Records, online from fold3. Wound and hospital details from the Patient List.3 Personal information from family genealogists and the Cherokee County History (2001) from the Cherokee County Historical Commission, online from the University of North Texas. His gravesite is on Findagrave. Canada Street in Jacksonville, TX is named for him.
His son James Alexander Bolton, only 15 years old in 1861, ran away from home to enlist and later served with his father in Company H after transferring from the 18th Georgia Infantry.
08/02/1820; Jackson County, AL
01/12/1909; burial in Jacksonville City Cemetery, Jacksonville, TX
1 Davis, Rev. Nicholas A., The Campaign from Texas to Maryland, Houston: Telegraph Book and Job Establishment, 1863, Pg. 142 [AotW citation 1511]
2 Simpson, Harold Brown, Hood's Texas Brigade: a Compendium, Hillsboro: Hill Junior College Press, 1977, pg. 58 [AotW citation 20958]
3 National Museum of Civil War Medicine, and Terry Reimer, Frederick Patient List, Published 2018, first accessed 17 September 2018, <http://www.civilwarmed.org/explore/primary-sources/databases/frederickpatient/>, Source page: patient #1.083 [AotW citation 20971]