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J.H. Baldwin

J.H. Baldwin

Federal (USV)


James Hammond Baldwin

(1836 - 1894)

Home State: Massachusetts

Branch of Service: Infantry

Unit: 35th Massachusetts Infantry

Before Antietam

A 27 year old bookkeeper in Boston, MA, he enrolled 16 August and was commissioned First Lieutenant, Company D, 35th Massachusetts Infantry on 16 August 1862.

On the Campaign

He was wounded in action at Antietam on 17 September 1862.

The rest of the War

He was promoted to Captain the day after the battle, on 18 September 1862 (but never mustered at that rank) and was treated briefly in October 1862 at the City Hotel hospital in Frederick, MD for "debility". He transferred as First Lieutenant on 31 December 1862 to Company A, 3rd Massachusetts Heavy Artillery and to the First Battalion (MA) Heavy Artillery as Captain, Company A on 10 June 1863. He mustered out of Volunteer service on 20 October 1865.

After the War

He was commissioned 2nd Lieutenant in the 16th United States Infantry (Regular Army) on 30 March 1866, transferred to the 25th US Infantry on 21 September, and was promoted to First Lieutenant on 31 July 1867. He transferred to the 18th US Infantry on 26 April 1869 and was Regimental Quartermaster in May and June 1869. He saw service in the South during reconstruction, then in action against Indians in the West. He was promoted to Captain on 6 October 1887 and retired on 30 November 1892 after more than 30 years in uniform.

References & notes

Casualty information from Nelson1 with hospital detail from the Patient List.2 Service from Soldiers, Sailors and Marines 3 and Heitman.4 His gravesite is on Findagrave. His picture from a photograph in the MOLLUS Massachusetts Collection5 (as Captain, First HA).




11/11/1894; Washington, DC; burial in Arlington National Cemetery, Arlington, VA


1   Nelson, John H., As Grain Falls Before the Reaper: The Federal Hospital Sites and Identified Federal Casualties at Antietam, Hagerstown: John H. Nelson, 2004, pg. 121  [AotW citation 16240]

2   National Museum of Civil War Medicine, and Terry Reimer, Frederick Patient List, Published 2018, first accessed 17 September 2018, <>, Source page: patient #673  [AotW citation 20458]

3   Commonwealth of Massachusetts, Adjutant General, Massachusetts Soldiers, Sailors, and Marines in the Civil War, 8 Vols, Norwood (MA): Norwood Press, 1931-35, Vol. 3, pg. 666  [AotW citation 20459]

4   Heitman, Francis Bernard, Historical Register and Dictionary of the United States Army 1789-1903, 2 volumes, Washington DC: US Government Printing Office, 1903, Vol. 1, pg. 186  [AotW citation 20460]

5   US Army, Heritage and Education Center (USAHEC), Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States (MOLLUS)-Massachusetts Photograph Collection, Published 2009, <>, Source page: Vol. 103, pg 5308  [AotW citation 20461]