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Federal (USV)


Isaac Branson

(1833 - 1897)

Home State: Indiana

Branch of Service: Infantry

Unit: 19th Indiana Infantry

Before Antietam

From Muncie, IN, he mustered as Sergeant, Company E, 19th Indiana Infantry on 29 July 1861.

On the Campaign

He was wounded by gunshot to the left temple in action at Turner's Gap on South Mountain on 14 September 1862.

After remaining insensible for a few minutes, he attempted to rise, but being unable to control his limbs, he would constantly stumble and fall. He states that he introduced his little finger into the wound for more than an inch and could feel the brain substance.

The rest of the War

He was admitted to a US Army hospital in Frederick, MD on 15 September and transferred to the Patent Office Hospital in Washington, DC on 27 September.

The wound being very painful, he did not wish to have it probed, and therefore did not tell the attending surgeon that the ball remained in the wound. Simple dressings were applied. For several weeks he staggered and had fever, but was never delirious. Spiculae of bone continued to come away for some weeks, but the wound healed gradually.
He was sent to New York on 3 October 1863 and returned to duty shortly after. He had been commissioned 2nd Lieutenant of his Company on 5 April 1863 and promoted to First Lieutenant on 8 January 1864. He mustered out on 26 October 1864 at the expiration of his term.

After the War

In 1867 a pension examiner found him unfit for work, suffering from vertigo, headache, and dizziness; his disability "total and permanent". He was farming at Arispie in Bureau County, Illinois at the time of his death in 1897 at age 64.

References & notes

Initial casualty information from Nelson1. Service from the Adjutant General.2 Hospital and medical details from the Patient List 3 and the MSHWR,4 source of the quotes above. His gravesite is on Findagrave. He married Amanda J. Williams in Delaware County, IN in April 1865.


09/19/1833; Muncie, IN


11/02/1897; Arispie, IL; burial in Greenwood Cemetery, Bureau, IL


1   Nelson, John H., As Grain Falls Before the Reaper: The Federal Hospital Sites and Identified Federal Casualties at Antietam, Hagerstown: John H. Nelson, 2004, pg. 140  [AotW citation 16555]

2   State of Indiana, Adjutant General's Office, and William H.H. Terrell, Adjutant General, Report of the Adjutant General of the State of Indiana, 8 volumes, Indianapolis: (various) State Printers, 1865-1869, Vol. 4, pg. 398; Vol. 2, pg. 172  [AotW citation 20634]

3   National Museum of Civil War Medicine, and Terry Reimer, Frederick Patient List, Published 2018, first accessed 17 September 2018, <>, Source page: patient #3.562  [AotW citation 20635]

4   Barnes, Joseph K., and US Army, Office of the Surgeon General, The Medical and Surgical History of the War of the Rebellion, 6 books, Washington DC: US Government Printing Office, 1870, Volume 2, Part 1, pg. 225  [AotW citation 20636]