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Federal (USV)


James Brown

(1823 - ?)

Home State: New York

Branch of Service: Infantry

Unit: 21st New York Infantry

Before Antietam

He married in Ontario, Canada and his first 2 children were born there in 1848 and 1853. His third was born in New York in 1856 and in 1860 he was a 38 year old flouring miller at Hamburg in Erie County, NY.

He enlisted 29 March 1862 at Buffalo to serve two years, and mustered in as Private, Company A, 21st New York Infantry on the same date.

On the Campaign

He was wounded by a gunshot to his right thigh in action at Antietam on 17 September 1862.

The rest of the War

He was admitted to a US Army hospital in Frederick, MD on 26 September 1862 and sent on to Baltimore about 5 January 1863. He mustered out with his Company on 18 May 1863 at Buffalo, NY.

After the War

In 1865 he was in Buffalo, NY, but by 1870 and to at least 1880 he was a miller in Chicago, IL.

References & notes

Wound and hospital information from Nelson1 and the Patient List,2 with service details from the Adjutant General3 and his New York Muster Roll Extract, online from fold3. Personal details from family genealogists, the New York State Census of 1865, and the US Census of 1860-1880.

He married Sophia Valier (1828-) and they had 8 children between 1848 and 1870.


1823; Aberdeen, SCOTLAND


1   Nelson, John H., As Grain Falls Before the Reaper: The Federal Hospital Sites and Identified Federal Casualties at Antietam, Hagerstown: John H. Nelson, 2004, pg. 144  [AotW citation 16918]

2   National Museum of Civil War Medicine, and Terry Reimer, Frederick Patient List, Published 2018, first accessed 17 September 2018, <>, Source page: patient #524 and 470  [AotW citation 28214]

3   State of New York, Adjutant-General, Annual Report of the Adjutant General of the State of New York [year]: Registers of the [units], 43 Volumes, Albany: James B. Lyon, State Printer, 1893-1905, For the Year 1899, Ser. No. 20, pg. 190  [AotW citation 28139]