(1843 - 1902)
Home State: Pennsylvania
Branch of Service: Infantry
A 19 year old gardener in Philadelphia, he enlisted there on 24 April 1861 as a Private in Company H, 18th Pennsylvania Infantry for 3 months' service. They mustered out on 7 August, but he'd already reenlisted and mustered-in on 1 July 1861 in Washington, DC as Private, Company A, 71st Pennsylvania Infantry.
On the Campaign
He was wounded in action at Antietam on 17 September 1862.
The rest of the War
He was listed as a deserter by 31 October 1862, with no further military record. He later told his family he served at Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville, Gettysburg, the Wilderness and Petersburg.
After the War
He was a stove molder in Cincinnati, OH to 1867, then went west to the Indian Territory - now Oklahoma - and lived in the Chickasaw Nation. He worked 2 years for the Government hauling freight between Leavenworth, KS and Forts Gibson and Sill, and was later a farmer and raised hogs. In 1874 he sold his stock, went back to Philadelphia, and lived there until 1878. He returned to the IT and farmed his thousand acres near the town of Pauls Valley for the rest of his life.
References & notes
Casualty information from Nelson,1 with service details from the Card File.2 Personal details from a 1937 interview with his daughter Jennie (1879-1966) in the Garvin County Indian Pioneer Papers, online from the OKGenWeb Project. His gravesite is on Findagrave.
He married Julia Gardner (1855-1928), who was at least part Choctaw, in 1872 and they had 3 children.
02/12/1843; Philadelphia, PA
12/29/1902; Pauls Valley, Garvin County, OK; burial in Whitebead Cemetery, Pauls Valley, OK
1 Nelson, John H., As Grain Falls Before the Reaper: The Federal Hospital Sites and Identified Federal Casualties at Antietam, Hagerstown: John H. Nelson, 2004, pg. 153 [AotW citation 17079]
2 Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, Adjutant-General, Pennsylvania Civil War Veterans' Card File, 1861-1866, Published <2005, first accessed 01 July 2005, <http://www.digitalarchives.state.pa.us/archive.asp?view=ArchiveIndexes&ArchiveID=17> [AotW citation 23308]