(1834 - 1917)
Home State: Texas
Branch of Service: Infantry
Unit: 4th Texas Infantry
Raised in Alabama, he came to Oso in Fayette County, TX in 1853. On 22 March 1862 he enlisted at Hallettsville, TX as a Private in Company F, 4th Texas Infantry and joined his Company on 20 April. He was slightly wounded in the hand at Cold Harbor, VA on 27 June 1862 and was promoted to 3rd Corporal on 1 August.
On the Campaign
He was with his Company in action at Fox's Gap on South Mountain on 14 September and was captured in action at Sharpsburg on 17 September 1862.
The rest of the War
He was held at Fort Delaware until 2 October when he was sent to Aikens Landing, VA for exchange. He was declared exchanged on 10 November and promoted to 4th Sergeant on 22 November 1862, but was on furlough from 31 January to 28 April 1863. He was promoted again, to 3rd Sergeant on 20 May 1863, and slightly wounded in the leg in the Wilderness, VA on 6 May 1864.
He transferred to Company K of the 3rd Texas Artillery Battalion (Cook's) on 6 February 1865, probably for coastal defense duty at Galveston, TX. He was surrendered at Citronelle, AL and paroled at Jackson, MS on 19 May 1865.
After the War
He was a farmer in Travis County, TX, near Manor, to at least 1880, and by 1900 near Georgetown in Williamson County.
References & notes
Service information from Davis,1 who says he was missing at Sharpsburg, and his Compiled Service Records,2 via fold3. Personal details from family genealogists, a brief bio accompanying his 1864-65 diary in the Briscoe Center at the University of Texis, Austin [finding aid], and the US Census for 1850, 1880, and 1900. His gravesite is on Findagrave.
He married Agnes Mercer (1841-1920) in May 1858 and they had 13 children.
More on the Web
See a photograph of him in the 1890's with his wife and youngest sons in a post on the blog.
04/04/1834; Decatur, AL
02/05/1917; Austin, TX; burial in Oakwood Cemetery, Austin, TX
1 Davis, Rev. Nicholas A., The Campaign from Texas to Maryland, Houston: Telegraph Book and Job Establishment, 1863, pp. 157-158 [AotW citation 1788]
2 US War Department, Compiled Service Records of Confederate Soldiers, Record Group No. 109 (War Department Collection of Confederate Records), Washington DC: US National Archives and Records Administration (NARA), 1903-1927 [AotW citation 26656]