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A.N. Dougherty

A.N. Dougherty

Federal (USV)


Alexander Nelson Dougherty

(1822 - 1882)

Home State: New Jersey

Education: Oberlin College (1841);
Columbia College of Physicians and Surgeons, Class of 1845

Command Billet: Medical Director

Branch of Service: Medical

Unit: Second Army Corps

Before Antietam

He was commissioned Surgeon, 4th New Jersey Infantry on 17 August 1861 and was appointed Major and Surgeon, US Volunteers on 30 September 1861 and assigned to the 1st New Jersey Brigade. He was appointed Sedgwick's Division Surgeon on the Peninsular Campaign in the summer of 1862.

On the Campaign

He was Acting Corps Medical Director in Maryland and was in charge of the 2nd Corps field hospital on the Susan Hoffman farm just north of Sharpsburg during and after the battle of Antietam on 17 September 1862.

The rest of the War

He was appointed Corps Medical Director in November 1862 and was in command of the Corps field hospital after the battle of Gettysburg. He was slightly wounded, bruised in the groin by a piece of shell in action at Spottsylvania, VA on 20 May 1864. In December 1864 he was sent to Washington, DC, and examined candidates for medical positions, and in the Spring of 1865 he was appointed Medical Director of the Department of West Virginia. He was honored by brevets to Lieutenant Colonel (for distinguished service before Richmond) on 2 December 1864 and Colonel (for War service) on 12 October 1865, and mustered out on 20 October.

After the War

He earned a Master of Arts degree from the College of New Jersey (now Princeton University) in 1866 and was appointed the Commandant of the NJ Home for Disabled Soldiers in Newark that year; he served in that position for the rest of his life. He taught at the College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia College in New York and was active in the Alumni Association. He was a surgeon at St. Michael's Hospital in Newark and in 1880 was elected President of the Medical Society of New Jersey and appointed Fellow of the Society.

References & notes

Service information from Heitman1 and a biographical sketch of him in the First Fifty Years of the District Medical Society of Essex County in the NJ Medical Society Transactions (1867). Details from the Columbia Catalogue of the Alumni, Officers and Fellows, 1807-1891 (1891), the University Bulletin of various years, and his death notice in the Medical News of 9 December 1882. His gravesite is on Findagrave. His picture here from a CDV in the New Jersey State Archives.


01/01/1822; Newark, NJ


11/28/1882; Newark, NJ; burial in Mount Pleasant Cemetery, Newark, NJ


1   Heitman, Francis Bernard, Historical Register and Dictionary of the United States Army 1789-1903, 2 volumes, Washington DC: US Government Printing Office, 1903, Vol. 1, pg. 380  [AotW citation 20707]