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Federal (USV)


Truman Hoffman Squire

(1823 - 1889)

Home State: New York

Education: Albany Medical College,
College of Physicians and Surgeons, Class of 1848

Branch of Service: Infantry

Unit: 89th New York Infantry

Before Antietam

He was a physician in private practice in Elmira, NY. He enrolled at Elmira, NY for three years and mustered as Surgeon, 89th New York Infantry on 29 November 1861 at age 38.

On the Campaign

He treated wounded soldiers on the field at Antietam on 17 September 1862 and was afterward in charge of the field hospital known as Locust Spring on the Geeting Farm, Keedysville, MD.

The rest of the War

He was later in charge of the US Army hospital on Folly Island, Charleston, SC. He was Division field surgeon and then the Director of Field Surgery, Army of the Potomac. He mustered out on 4 December 1864, but re-enrolled, and was discharged 19 May 1865 at Richmond, VA.

After the War

He continued in practice in Elmira. In 1885-88 he helped plan and establish the Arnot-Ogden Hospital there.

References & notes

Service information from the State of New York1. Personal details from his memorial in the Transactions of the Medical Society of the State of New York (1889). Thanks to Laura Elliott for the pointer to Squire by way of his field treatment of Private G.W. Ard, 2nd Georgia. His gravesite in Elmira and a cenotaph in Gravesville, NY are on Findagrave.

More on the Web

See a fine online exhibit about Dr. Squire and his career from the Chemung County Historical Society, source of some details above. His field chair is in the Society's collection.


03/31/1823; Russia, Herkimer County, NY


11/27/1889; Elmira, NY; burial in Woodlawn Cemetery, Elmira, NY


1   State of New York, Adjutant-General, Annual Report of the Adjutant General of the State of New York [year]: Registers of the [units], 43 Volumes, Albany: James B. Lyon, State Printer, 1893-1905, for the Year 1901 (Issue 31), pp. 314  [AotW citation 21059]