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H.L. Chipman

H.L. Chipman

Federal (USA)


Henry Laurens Chipman

(1823 - 1910)

Home State: Michigan

Command Billet: Company Commander

Branch of Service: Infantry

Unit: 11th United States Infantry, First Battalion

Before Antietam

He lived in Detroit, MI but was in California from 1849-51. Back in Detroit he was was Captain of the Detroit Light Guard Reserve by 1861. He was appointed Lieutenant Colonel of the 2nd Michigan Infantry on 25 May 1861 but resigned in June to accept a commission as Captain, 11th United States Infantry to date from 14 May.

On the Campaign

He commanded Company D, 11th US Infantry on the Maryland Campaign.

The rest of the War

He was honored by brevets to Major on 3 May 1863 for his actions at Chancellorsville, VA and Lieutenant Colonel 2 July 1863 for Gettysburg. He was acting Assistant Adjutant General on the staffs of Generals Sykes and Ayres. He was commissioned Colonel of the 102nd US Colored Troops (1st Michigan Colored Troops) on 15 April 1864 and mustered out of the Volunteers on 30 September 1865. He was brevetted Brigadier General of Volunteers on 13 March 1865 for his war service.

After the War

He remained in the Regular Army as Captain, transferred to the 29th US Infantry on 21 September 1866 and back to the 11th on 29 April 1869. He was promoted to Major of the 3rd US Infantry on 29 October 1873 and to Lieutenant Colonel of the 7th on 19 May 1881. He retired on 1 February 1887 - his 64th birthday - and was a Colonel on the retired list.

References & notes

Military service dates from Heitman1. His command at Antietam from Reese.2 Personal details from The Chipman Family, a Genealogy of the Chipmans in America, 1631-1920 (1920). His gravesite is on Findagrave. His birthplace also seen as Vermont or Michigan (his father Jeffrey Chipman was born in Vermont, lived in Canandaigua, then went to Michigan). His picture from a CDV sold by Cowan's Auctions in 2014.


02/01/1823; Canandaigua, NY


10/27/1910; Detroit, MI; burial in Elmwood Cemetery, Detroit, MI


1   Heitman, Francis Bernard, Historical Register and Dictionary of the United States Army 1789-1903, 2 volumes, Washington DC: US Government Printing Office, 1903, Vol. 1, pg. 299  [AotW citation 21480]

2   Reese, Timothy J., Sykes' Regular Infantry Division, 1861-1864: A History of Regular United States Infantry Operations in the Civil War's Eastern Theater, Jefferson (NC): McFarland&Company, Inc., 1990  [AotW citation 21481]