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Federal (USV)


Ephraim Wood

(1840 - 1901)

Home State: Massachusetts

Branch of Service: Sharpshooters

Unit: Massachusetts Sharpshooters, First Company

Before Antietam

He was a 21 year old weaver in Lowell when he enlisted (along with his brother Joseph) as Private, First Company, Massachusetts Sharpshooters on 2 September 1861.

On the Campaign

He was wounded by gunshot to the chest in action at Antietam on 17 September 1862:

The ball entered on the right side, between the second and third ribs, two and a half inches from the sternum. He did not expectorate blood until the third day, and the bleeding never recurred. On the 23d day the wound was open and discharging. He had a cough; his respiration was embarrassed, and he looked feeble.

The rest of the War

He was admitted to a US Army hospital in Frederick, MD on 27 September 1862 and was discharged for disability on 22 (or 28) November 1862.

References & notes

Basic information from Commonwealth of Massachusetts.1 Hospital details from the Patient List.2 The medical quote from Frank Hastings Hamilton's Treatise on Military Surgery and Hygiene (1865, online). His gravesite is on Findagrave.


04/19/1840; Nova Scotia, CANADA


05/09/1901; Fitchburg, MA; burial in Pinesbridge Cemetery, Beacon Falls, CT


1   Commonwealth of Massachusetts, Adjutant General, Massachusetts Soldiers, Sailors, and Marines in the Civil War, 8 Vols, Norwood (MA): Norwood Press, 1931-35, Vol. 2, pg. 213  [AotW citation 22164]

2   National Museum of Civil War Medicine, and Terry Reimer, Frederick Patient List, Published 2018, first accessed 17 September 2018, <>, Source page: patient #4.657  [AotW citation 22165]