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Federal (USV)


Johann Peter Freidrich Christian Ihde


(1824 - 1862)

Home State: New York

Branch of Service: Infantry

Unit: 21st New York Infantry

Before Antietam

A weaver by trade, he sailed from Hamburg to New York City aboard the 3-masted barque Nord-America in July 1852 with his new bride and sister, and by 1855 was a 31 year old laborer in Buffalo, NY, but not yet an American citizen.

On 1 May 1861, then age 37, he enlisted in Buffalo and mustered as a Private in Company I, 21st New York Infantry on 20 May.

On the Campaign

He was mortally wounded in action at Turner's Gap on South Mountain, MD on 14 September 1862 and died the next day.

The rest of the War

His widow and children were granted an Army pension in early 1863.

References & notes

His service from the Adjutant General1 and his New York Muster Roll Extract, online from fold3, as Christian Idha. Personal details from family genealogists, the New York State Census of 1855, and Hamburg Passenger Lists, 1850-1934, online from, and the pension application for his minor children, online via fold3.

He married Louisa Maria Sophia Caroline Pentzien (1825-) on 9 July 1852 at Uelitz [certificate] and they had two children, Augusta and Louis. She remarried in Buffalo, NY in February 1866, E. M. Eilts.

He's easily confused with another (Johann Freidrich) Christian Ihde also born in Mecklenburg, about 1825, who came to New York from Hamburg in March 1852 but went West, and was a musician in the 29th Wisconsin Infantry. That Christian died in Nebraska in 1900.


01/1824; Uelitz, Mecklenburg, GERMANY


09/15/1862; in MD


1   State of New York, Adjutant-General, Annual Report of the Adjutant General of the State of New York [year]: Registers of the [units], 43 Volumes, Albany: James B. Lyon, State Printer, 1893-1905, For the Year 1899, Ser. No. 20, pg. 235  [AotW citation 22662]