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Federal (USV)


Samuel Fair

(1841 - 1862)

Home State: Pennsylvania

Branch of Service: Infantry

Unit: 51st Pennsylvania Infantry

Before Antietam

A 21 year old blacksmith in Swedesburg, he enlisted and mustered as Sergeant, Company D, 4th Pennsylvania Infantry on 20 April 1861, for 3 months' service. He mustered out on 27 July 1861. He enlisted again, on 18 September 1861, and mustered as First Sergeant, Company C, 51st Pennsylvania Infantry on 20 September in Harrisburg. He was commissioned 2nd Lieutenant, Company D in October 1861.

On the Campaign

He was mortally wounded in action at Fox's Gap on South Mountain on 14 September 1862.

The rest of the War

He died of wounds on 21 September 1862.

References & notes

Service information from the History,1 which says he was killed outright, and the Card File.2 His gravesite is on Findagrave.

His twin brother John W. Fair (1841-1902) was also a Sergeant in Company D of the 4th and Sergeant, later Lieutenant, in Company C of the 51st Pennsylvania Infantry.




09/21/1862; burial in Old Swedes Christ Church Cemetery, Bridgeport, PA


1   Parker, Thomas H., History of the 51st Regiment of P.V. and V.V. ..., Philadelphia: King & Baird, Printers, 1869, pg. 638  [AotW citation 23221]

2   Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, Adjutant-General, Pennsylvania Civil War Veterans' Card File, 1861-1866, Published <2005, first accessed 01 July 2005, <>  [AotW citation 23222]