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S. Litzenberg

S. Litzenberg

Federal (USV)

Lieutenant Colonel

Simon Litzenberg

(1815 - 1884)

Home State: Pennsylvania

Branch of Service: Infantry

Unit: 124th Pennsylvania Infantry

Before Antietam

A 48 year old architect in Chester, he recruited a company of troops - the Delaware County Fusileers - and enrolled for Federal service on 11 July 1862 in Harrisburg. He mustered on 9 August as their Captain as they became Company B, 124th Pennsylvania Infantry. He was promoted to Lieutenant Colonel of the Regiment on 16 August 1862.

On the Campaign

He was probably in action at Antietam and may have taken command after Colonel Hawley was wounded in the Miller Cornfield early on 17 September 1862.

The rest of the War

He mustered out with the Regiment 17 May 1863.

After the War

He returned to Chester, PA and continued his career to at least 1880. He designed a Soldiers' Monument for Delaware County in 1872. He was also chief of police of Chester for two terms and was active in the Grand Army of the Republic.

References & notes

His service from the Register 1 and the History,2 which says he took command at Antietam; it is also the source of his picture, from a photograph. Carman3 says Major Haldeman assumed command of the regiment after Colonel Hawley was wounded at Antietam. Personal details from the US Census of 1870 and 1880. His gravesite is on Findagrave.


06/26/1815 in PA


11/27/1884; Chester, PA; burial in Media Cemetery, Media, PA


1   Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, Adjutant General's Office, Register of Pennsylvania Volunteers, 1861-1865, 16 volumes, Harrisburg  [AotW citation 23843]

2   Green, Robert McCay, compiler, History of the One Hundred and Twenty-fourth Regiment, Pennsylvania Volunteers in the War of the Rebellion 1862-1863, Philadelphia: Ware Brothers Company, printers, 1907, pp. 20, 31, 61, image follows pg. 81, 106  [AotW citation 23844]

3   Carman, Ezra Ayers, and Dr. Thomas G. Clemens, editor, The Maryland Campaign of September 1862, 3 volumes, El Dorado Hills (CA): Savas Beatie, 2010-17, Vol. II, pg. 539  [AotW citation 23845]