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Confederate (CSV)


James Goodrich Martin

(c. 1839 - 1904)

Home State: Virginia

Branch of Service: Infantry

Unit: 19th Virginia Infantry

Before Sharpsburg

A 22 year old carpenter, he mustered as Private in Company K, 19th Virginia Infantry on 20 May 1861 at Hillsboro, VA.

On the Campaign

He was wounded by gunshot through his abdomen in action at Turner's Gap on South Mountain, MD on 14 September 1862 and was captured the next day.

The rest of the War

He was admitted to a US Army hospital in Frederick, MD on 22 September 1862 and treated for his wounds and associated gangrene and other infections. A year later his colon was still discharging through his wound when, at his "urgent request" he was transferred on 23 September 1863 to West's Building Hospital in Baltimore, paroled there the next day, and sent on to City Point, VA for exchange on 25 September 1863. He was admitted to the Chimborazo Hospital in Richmond, VA on 28 September, but continued to suffer complications and his wound remained open. He was treated there through September 1864, furloughed home in October 1864, and retired for disability on 20 February 1865.

After the War

He was a deputy sheriff and jailor in Albemarle County, VA.

References & notes

His service from Jordan1 via the Historical Data Systems database. Wound and hospital details from the Patient List 2 and the MSHWR.3


c. 1839; Albemarle County, VA




1   Jordan, Jr., Ervin I., and H. A. Thomas, Jr., 19th Virginia Infantry, Lynchburg: H.E. Howard, Inc., 1987  [AotW citation 24153]

2   National Museum of Civil War Medicine, and Terry Reimer, Frederick Patient List, Published 2018, first accessed 17 September 2018, <>, Source page: patient #5.234  [AotW citation 24154]

3   Barnes, Joseph K., and US Army, Office of the Surgeon General, The Medical and Surgical History of the War of the Rebellion, 6 books, Washington DC: US Government Printing Office, 1870, Volume 2, Part 2, pg. 81  [AotW citation 24155]