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Confederate (CSV)

Sergeant

James A. Crocheron

(1838 - 1909)

Home State: Alabama

Branch of Service: Infantry

Unit: 3rd Alabama Infantry

Before Sharpsburg

A 23 year old partner in his brother William's mercantile business in Mobile, he enlisted as 3rd Sergeant, Company H, 3rd Alabama Infantry in April 1861. He was slightly wounded at Fair Oaks, VA on 1 June 1862.

On the Campaign

He was wounded again, more seriously, in action near Turner's Gap on South Mountain on 14 September 1862 and was left on the field and captured.

The rest of the War

He was treated at a US Army hospital in West Philadelphia, PA and exchanged to return to duty. He was wounded for the third time, at Gettysburg, PA in July 1863 and captured along with other wounded men in wagons by Federal Cavalry near Frederick, MD on 5 July. He was treated at a US Army hospital in Frederick, paroled, and exchanged about October 1863. He was detailed to the Quartermaster's Department in Alabama in 1864.

After the War

He was a clerk in Montgomery, AL, then returned to his brother's firm in Mobile. He went to Galveston, TX about 1870 and was in business there to 1887. He then had a "prosperous" ranch at Saratoga, Carbon County, WY until about 1907, when he moved to Denver, CO.

References & notes

His service from the State of Alabama,1 as James A. Crochern. His wounding on South Mountain from a casualty list for Rodes' Brigade in the Montgomery Weekly Advertiser of 8 October 1862. His 1864 service from Alfred C. Young's The Complete Roster and Service Records of Lee's Army of Northern Virginia during the Overland Campaign (2019). Personal details from family genealogists, a bio sketch in Progressive Men of the State of Wyoming (1901), and his death notice in the Saratoga [WY] Sun of 4 February 1909. His gravesite is on Findagrave.

He married Mary Ellen Herbert Kelly (1842-1881) in August 1871 and they had 3 daughters. He married again, to Helen Marie Owen (1841-1924) in Galveston, TX in August 1886.

He's seen in some records as Alexander, which may be his middle name.

More on the Web

His family Bible, or a transcription of family records from it, is in the NY Public Library Collection [finding aid].

Tom Elmore posted the story of the wounded of O'Neal's Brigade after Gettysburg to the Civil War Talk discussion group.

Birth

01/29/1838; Staten Island, NY

Death

01/29/1909; Denver, CO; burial in Saratoga Cemetery, Saratoga, WY

Notes

1   State of Alabama, Dept. of Archives & History, Alabama Civil War Service Database, Published 2004, first accessed 01 January 2010, <http://www.archives.state.al.us/civilwar/index.cfm>, Source page: /civilwar/soldier.cfm?id=42826  [AotW citation 25597]