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Federal (USV)


Francis Smith Southwick


(1843 - 1916)

Home State: Massachusetts

Branch of Service: Infantry

Unit: 21st Massachusetts Infantry

Before Antietam

A 21 year old farmer in Leicester, MA, he enlisted there as a Private in Company C, 21st Massachusetts Infantry on 13 August 1861.

On the Campaign

He was wounded in the leg in action at Antietam on 17 September 1862.

The rest of the War

He was absent recovering in hospitals at Fairfax Seminary, VA, and in Satterlee US Army General Hospital in West Philadelphia, PA, where he was discharged for disability on 6 March 1863 - for "hypertrophy of the heart with valvular disease." He enlisted again, as a Private in Company F, 57th Massachusetts Infantry on 18 February 1864 and was discharged as a Corporal on 27 June 1865.

After the War

In 1870 he was a boot bottomer in Leicester, MA, and in 1880 was working in a boot shop in West Brookfield, and he was there the rest of his life. He began receiving a veteran's invalid pension in November 1881 and he'd finally retired by 1910.

References & notes

His service from Soldiers, Sailors, and Marines1, his Compiled Service Records,2 via fold3, and Walcott.3 Personal details from family genealogists and the US Census for 1870-1910. His gravesite is on Findagrave.

He married Henrietta B. Davis (1846-1875) in October 1865 and they had 5 children. He married again, Sarah Janette "Nettie" Lincoln (1847-1913) in September 1878.


01/04/1843; Charlestown, MA


08/04/1916; West Brookfield, MA; burial in Pine Grove Cemetery, West Brookfield, MA


1   Commonwealth of Massachusetts, Adjutant General, Massachusetts Soldiers, Sailors, and Marines in the Civil War, 8 Vols, Norwood (MA): Norwood Press, 1931-35, Vol. 2, pg. 611; vol. 4, pg. 851  [AotW citation 26536]

2   US War Department, Compiled Service Records of Soldiers who served in US Volunteer organizations enlisted for service during the Civil War, Record Group No. 94 (Adjutant General's Office, 1780's-1917), Washington DC: US National Archives and Records Administration (NARA), 1903-1927  [AotW citation 26537]

3   Walcott, Charles Folsom, History of the Twenty-first Regiment, Massachusetts Volunteers, in the War for the Preservation of the Union, 1861-1865, Boston: Houghton, Mifflin, 1882, pg. 207  [AotW citation 26538]