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A. J. Warner

A. J. Warner

Federal (USV)

Lieutenant Colonel

Adoniram Judson Warner

(1834 - 1910)

Home State: Pennsylvania

Education: New York Central College

Command Billet: Commanding Regiment

Branch of Service: Infantry

Unit: 10th Pennsylvania Reserves


see his Battle Report

Before Antietam

After graduating from college, he was principal of the Lewistown (Pa.) Academy, superintendent of the public schools of Mifflin County, and principal of Mercer Union School, Pennsylvania, 1856-1861. At the outset of the War he was commissioned Captain in the Tenth Pennsylvania Reserves (21 July 1861). He was promoted to Lieutenant Colonel of the Regiment 14 May 1862.

On the Campaign

"After the return from the Peninsula, Colonel Warner rendered important service throughout Pope's campaign and at South Mountain. But it was at Antietam that he gave the most signal proof of his ability as a soldier. As the battle opened he was ordered by General Hooker to proceed to the extreme right of the line, and as far to the front as he could, and report the movements of the enemy. As he went forward he discovered heavy masses of the foe pushing out upon that part of the field where Hooker was already most heavily engaged [...] 'I immediately,' he says in his report, 'threw out nearly the whole regiment into a corn-field, as skirmishers [...] For about twenty minutes the skirmishing was kept up sharply, and the enemy's whole force was held at bay [...] But Colonel Warner, while doing bravely and well for his country, was himself sorely scourged. After having his horse twice struck, his sword once, one ball graze his right side and another pass through his coat, he was hit by a Minie ball in the right hip, which shattered the pelvis bone and buried itself".1

The rest of the War

He was appointed Colonel of the 10th on 25 April 1863, but was further injured in a fall at Gettysburg, and made Colonel of the 17th Regiment, Veteran Reserve Corps 15 November. By 1864 he was judged physically unfit for active service, was on court-martial duty, and took command at Indianapolis.1

After the War

After the War he was brevetted Brigadier General March 13, 1865 for his service, He then studied law and was admitted to the bar in Indianapolis, Indiana but did not practice. He briefly returned to Pennsylvania but moved to 1866 moved to Marietta, Ohio in 1866 and was in the oil, coal, and railroad businesses. He published "Appreciation of Money" (Philadelphia, 1877), "Source of Value in Money" (1882), and other works on economics. He was a leader in the Free Silver movement.

He was elected as a Democrat to the Forty-sixth Congress (4 March 1879 - 3 March 1881), failed reelection in 1880, and was elected to the Forty-eighth and Forty-ninth Congresses (1883 - 1887). He did not run again. In 1896 he was a delegate to the Democratic National Convention, later was in trolley construction in Washington DC, and built railroads in Ohio. Between about 1898 and his death he developed transportation and power in Georgia.

References & notes

Photo from Uriguen2 - original source unknown. Biographical details from US Congress 3 and Appleton's.4

He was the subject of The Ordeal of Adoniram Judson Warner: His Minutes of South Mountain and Antietam, an article by James B. Casey in Civil War History magazine (September l982, pp. 213-36).


1/13/1834; Wales, NY


8/12/1910; Marietta, OH; burial in Oak Grove Cemetery, Marietta, OH


1   Bates dramatizes LCol Warner's words somewhat (see the text of his report).
Bates, Samuel Penniman, Martial Deeds Of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia: T. H. Davis & Co., 1876, pp. 886-887  [AotW citation 74]

2   Uriguen, Mikel, Photo Gallery (Generals and Brevet Generals), Generals of the Civil War, Published c. 1998, first accessed 01 January 1998, <>, Source page: brevets, "W", pg. 2  [AotW citation 71]

3   US Congress, Congressional Biographical Directory, Published c. 2000, first accessed 01 January 2002, <>, Source page: scripts/  [AotW citation 72]

4   Fiske, John, and James Grant Wilson, editors, Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography, 6 vols., New York City: D. Appleton and Company, 1887-1889, Vol. 6, pg. 359  [AotW citation 73]